Proceedings Of The Marine

SPR 2013

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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Page 8 of 84

MSSC History & Procedure From War to Peace How the Merchant Marine Council transitioned from an emergency wartime board to a permanent advisory body. by MR. RYAN DAVID HATLEY Law Student American University's Washington College of Law W A R I I Despite changing technology and modernization, the U.S. Coast Guard Marine Safety and Security Council's (MSSC) mission has not changed much since the council's founding as the Merchant Marine Council (MMC) in 1942: to advise the Coast Guard Commandant regarding the safety and security of America's mariners, vessels, and environment. However, in the 70 years since the MMC's founding, particular regulatory issues have risen to the top of the council's agenda. W O R L D The Inspection and Navigation Regulations Board Prior to World War II (WWII), the Department of Commerce conducted many regulatory functions. A similar advisory board already existed — the Inspection and Navigation Regulations Board (INRB) was constituted in 1936 when the Bureau of Navigation and the Bureau of Steamship Inspection merged to form the Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation (BMIN). The Merchant Marine Council's primary goal during the ¿rst half of WWII was ensuring mariner safety in the event of enemy attacks. One of the measures the MMC took was to require frequent lifeboat drills. All photos courtesy of the Coast Guard Historian's Of¿ce. 6 Proceedings Winter 2012 | Spring 2013 Mr. Joseph P. Weaver was the Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation's first director. His successor, Mr. Robert Stockton Field, had a bigger impact on the future Merchant Marine Council. Mr. Field, a retired Navy commander and Department of Commerce employee, directed the INRB in a number of projects including legislation and regulations relating to the 1929 Safety of Life at Sea Convention.

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