Proceedings Of The Marine

SPR 2013

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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1942 Merchant Marine Council ➧ ➧ March 197 1 Marine Safety Council June 2003 Marine Safety and Security Council in the 1970s, such as advising the Commandant on ways to implement the international agreements of the 1970s. Apart from new technologies, the 1980s was relatively quiet. Then, from the early to mid-1990s, the council began addressing environmental issues resulting from the Exxon-Valdez incident and the subsequent Oil Pollution Act of 1990. Homeland Security Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the Coast Guard's mission broadened considerably when it was transferred from the Department of Transportation to the newly formed Department of Homeland Security. As a result, the council's work changed as well. To reÁect this, the council's name changed once again, to the Marine Safety and Security Council. Even with these changes, the council's general mission — 10 Proceedings Winter 2012 | Spring 2013 advising the Commandant on regulatory issues — has remained the same. About the author: Mr. Ryan Hatley is a law student at American University's Washington College of Law and a 2010 graduate of the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. He interned with the United States Coast Guard from May to August 2012. Endnotes: 1. Executive Order 9083. Available at www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index. php?pid=60948. 2. Battle Beneath the Waves. WWII U.S. Submarines at War in the PaciÀc: A history of the U.S. Silent Service in World War II and unrestricted submarine warfare against Japan 1941 to 1945. Available at www.valoratsea. com/subwar.htm. 3. The American Merchant Marine organization website, www.usmm.org/. 4. Oil pollution by ships had been mentioned as early as 1754 by Captain Jonas Hanway, a British merchant sailing in the Caspian Sea. He noted that the sea around the Holy Islands was Áammable with petroleum oil. Complaints of oil pollution would increase when petroleum became a major fuel source. www.uscg.mil/proceedings

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