Merchant Marine Council
Marine Safety Council
Marine Safety and Security Council
in the 1970s, such as advising the Commandant on
ways to implement the international agreements of
the 1970s. Apart from new technologies, the 1980s was
relatively quiet. Then, from the early to mid-1990s,
the council began addressing environmental issues
resulting from the Exxon-Valdez incident and the subsequent Oil Pollution Act of 1990.
Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001,
the Coast Guard's mission broadened considerably
when it was transferred from the Department of
Transportation to the newly formed Department of
Homeland Security. As a result, the council's work
changed as well.
To reÁect this, the council's name changed once again,
to the Marine Safety and Security Council. Even
with these changes, the council's general mission —
Winter 2012 | Spring 2013
advising the Commandant on regulatory issues — has
remained the same.
About the author:
Mr. Ryan Hatley is a law student at American University's Washington College of Law and a 2010 graduate of the University of
North Carolina at Charlotte. He interned with the United States
Coast Guard from May to August 2012.
1. Executive Order 9083. Available at www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.
2. Battle Beneath the Waves. WWII U.S. Submarines at War in the PaciÀc:
A history of the U.S. Silent Service in World War II and unrestricted submarine warfare against Japan 1941 to 1945. Available at www.valoratsea.
3. The American Merchant Marine organization website, www.usmm.org/.
4. Oil pollution by ships had been mentioned as early as 1754 by Captain
Jonas Hanway, a British merchant sailing in the Caspian Sea. He noted
that the sea around the Holy Islands was Áammable with petroleum oil.
Complaints of oil pollution would increase when petroleum became a
major fuel source.