Proceedings Of The Marine

FALL 2011

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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from the on-scene coordinator or SAR mission coor- dinator. Additionally, these vessels are not designed for victim recovery, especially deep-draft commercial freight ships or tank ships. Tips Provide basic SAR training to potential Good Samar- itan vessels in your region. Explain the role of the on-scene coordinator and review communications requirements, safety considerations, and other con- cerns. Logistically, helicopters can lift survivors from life- boats to the deck of a Good Samaritan ship. Resource "Guidance for Good Samaritan Vessels Assisting in Maritime Search and Rescue" provides basic infor- mation. 6 Coast Guard SAR mission coordinators and on- scene coordinators receive minimal training in managing MRO activities. In mass rescue operations, the coordinators must track dozens of rescue boats, manage extreme com- munication demands, and oversee thousands of sur- vivors, many of whom may be gravely injured. They will need extra help. ([SODLQ KRZ WKH 6$5 RUJDQL]DWLRQ ÀWV LQWR WKH XQL- ÀHG FRPPDQG DQG HQVXUH \RXU PDQDJHPHQW WHDP LV well trained in Incident Command System (ICS) prin- ciples. For this support to work and not add to the frustration and confusion of the event, the staff must regularly train and practice as a team. Discuss coordination with shore-side agencies and the importance of sharing information quickly. Tip Be sure to determine the maximum number of recov- ered survivors who can be loaded onto rescue boats and still maintain stability in the on-scene conditions. 7 32 The physical or emotional condition of survi- vors may prevent them from helping themselves. Cold water, poor health, injuries, or emotional stress may prevent many victims from swimming to and climbing into a life raft, or climbing out of a life raft to a rescue vessel. Additionally, their support needs will Proceedings Fall 2011 not end once they are aboard a rescue vessel or when they reach shore. Many of the survivors will be too tired to walk up a ramp or even climb aboard a bus. Survivors may be cold, wet, and their clothes may be contaminated with spilled fuel or other hazardous substances necessitat- ing decontamination and emergency clothing. Tips Rescue swimmers will be needed on scene, often for extended periods. The response organization must anticipate the demands and plan for survivor support along the entire continuum of care. 8 9 Local communities are vital partners in provid- ing shoreside MRO response actions, but most have minimal guidance or training on the func- tions expected of them. Once delivered to shore, accountability, emer- gency medical care, human health, shelter, food, and other survivor support needs must be con- tinued and coordinated. Some of the most complicated MRO work starts once the survivors hit the beach, especially if the beach is a remote village with limited infrastructure. Establishing shore landing sites and sheltering facili- ties, arranging transportation, and providing medical care, food, clothing, and other support all involve the local community. In fact, this portion of the response may last much longer than the on-scene rescue. Unfortunately, many Coast Guard MRO plans stop at the beach. That may work for a few dozen survivors, but with several hundred or thousands of survivors, it's unacceptable. It is critical to know your partners and their responsibilities, capabilities, and expecta- tions. Encourage and assist your port partners in creating community mass rescue operation plans that incor- porate existing local emergency response procedures DQG IDFLOLWLHV ZKLOH DGGUHVVLQJ 052 VSHFLÀF GLIIHU- ences. Tip This port-level planning is especially important for large ports where MRO coordination involves mul- tiple community jurisdictions, several potential land- ing sites, mass media outlets, and the potential for

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