Proceedings Of The Marine

FALL 2011

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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Page 44 of 79

marily focused on collapsed structures, to encompass all search and rescue in any environment. 2I SDUWLFXODU VLJQLÀFDQFH WR 861257+&20 WKH revision elevated the Department of Defense to one of four agencies having primary responsibility for ESF #9 in partnership with FEMA, the USCG, and the National Park Service. Harnessing collective experi- ences, the primary agencies held a series of work- shops to evolve and improve ESF #9 based on lessons and best practices from numerous planning activities and operations. The revised ESF #9, approved in Feb- UXDU\ IXUWKHU GHÀQHV UROHV UHVSRQVLELOLWLHV DQG expectations of the federal partners. SAR Coordinator Throughout this period, some at USNORTHCOM asked, "Now that USNORTHCOM is the geographic combatant command for North America, why is the Air Force still the SAR coordinator in the inland region?" For more than 50 years, the U.S. Air Force has pro- vided exemplary service to the nation in support of civil SAR. However, since USNORTHCOM has homeland defense and civil support responsibilities, it seemed logical that the role should shift to the com- batant command. In November 2009, the Secretary of Defense designated the commander of USNORTH- COM as inland SAR coordinator for the contiguous 48 states.3 This designation triggered a review of SAR coordina- tor responsibilities and mission analysis, resulting in a comprehensive SAR mission statement and concept of operations. Some key SAR coordinator tasks include: • DUUDQJLQJ RU SURYLGLQJ IRU 6$5 VHUYLFHV • VXSSRUWLQJ FLYLO DXWKRULW\ UHTXHVWV IRU DVVLVWDQFH • GHYHORSLQJ DQG SURPXOJDWLQJ 6$5 SROLFLHV DQG supporting documents, • FRRUGLQDWLQJ MRLQW DQG LQWHUDJHQF\ 6$5 WUDLQLQJ and exercises. In summary, the commander of USNORTHCOM and headquarters staff would be responsible for strategic duties while the commander of Air Forces Northern would provide operational and tactical SAR mission coordination.4 USNORTHCOM Rescue Coordination Center Our experiences with catastrophic incident SAR plan- ning and operations informed us that there are not nearly enough specialized personnel to assist with planning and operations for catastrophic events. Therefore, the commander of USNORTHCOM and the commander of Air Forces Northern worked to establish a joint personnel recovery center located at Tyndall Air Force Base, Fla., alongside the Air Force rescue coordination center. These two organizations now work together in mutual SAR support. Military Support to Urban Search and Rescue As a part of continuing review and improvement HIIRUWV LQ )(0$ LGHQWLÀHG D SRWHQWLDO VKRUWIDOO of urban search and rescue capability in catastrophic incident SAR response. It requested a concept of oper- ation for the military to augment urban search and rescue task forces. So in collaboration with FEMA, the National Guard Bureau, and other stakeholders, USNORTHCOM developed a concept that includes the option for a trained and skilled response from state National Guard and active military search and extraction ele- PHQWV DQG ÁH[LEOH HQDEOLQJ VXSSRUW SURYLGHG E\ troops that are not specialized in search and rescue. It also includes a training syllabus to provide just-in- time, onsite training in the basics of SAR support and safety to non-SAR responders. This entire military support initiative was exercised during the recent FEMA-led national-level exercise, and lessons will be used to increase our national capability. To carry collaborative efforts forward, USNORTH- COM has directed military responders to use civil SAR standards, terminology, and procedures unless supported SAR authorities direct otherwise, and has directed the military to use the Catastrophic Incident Search and Rescue addendum for planning and oper- ations. Likewise, USNORTHCOM uses incident com- mand system forms and terminology. The Future of USNORTHCOM and SAR USNORTHCOM continues to strengthen relation- ships at the local, state, and federal level. We work FORVHO\ ZLWK WKH 86&* 2IÀFH RI 6HDUFK DQG 5HVFXH WR HQVXUH WKDW 861257+&20 IXOÀOOV LWV UHVSRQVLELOL- ties as SAR coordinator, and we work with FEMA and our partners to ensure that there is no gap in opera- tional coordination and tactical execution. We also look for innovative ways to increase capability and shorten the response timeline to support the lifesav- ing mission. To that end, we are working very closely with states and the National Guard bureau to coordi- nate National Guard SAR response. Fall 2011 Proceedings 45

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