Proceedings Of The Marine

FALL 2011

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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On-scene search actions, resources on scene, recommendations, and potential problems. 6LJQLÀFDQW HYHQWV DQG FKDQJHV WR WKH GLV- tressed vessel. Name of each rescue vessel on scene. Most importantly, if you are the on-scene coordina- tor, you must track the number and location of sur- vivors. Do not let vessels depart with survivors until their contact information, vessel names, destination, and number and condition of survivors is known and recorded. Relay this information to the SMC as soon as practical. If you are not the OSC but have survivors aboard, make sure this information is communicated to the OSC before departing. The Response Process 7R LOOXVWUDWH KRZ WKLV DOO ÀWV WRJHWKHU OHW·V UHYLVLW WKH incident at the beginning of this article. Your vessel heard the Mayday call from the plea- sure vessel Sea Swell, but since the transmission was cut short, did anyone else? Your crew should write down the Mayday information—especially the loca- tion. You should then listen closely for a Coast Guard response, and follow those instructions. If a Coast Guard reply is not immediate, radio the Coast Guard while traveling toward the distressed vessel, relay the Mayday information, and follow any direction. Then attempt to alert the distressed mas- ter that you heard his call and are proceeding to the scene. En Route Begin your rescue planning and risk assessment so you're prepared to safely execute a rescue when you arrive. ➪ Inform your crewmembers and passengers of the situation, provide clear directions for their safety, and evaluate crowd-control measures that may be required to keep your passengers from interfer- ➪ ing. Develop a plan for a safe approach to the scene, ➪ accounting for weather and sea conditions. Prepare equipment to recover people from the ➪ water or survival craft. ➪ Clear a work area on your vessel. Determine if any passengers have medical skills to treat the injured (such as burn victims in the FDVH RI WKLV YHVVHO ÀUH www.uscg.mil/proceedings ➪ Maintain contact with the Coast Guard and, if possible, with the distressed vessel master. Com- munications will be critical. If possible, bring ➪ additional personnel to the bridge to assist. Coordinate to ensure that the radio frequencies used on scene can be monitored by the command center. We recommend you use a separate fre- quency, cell phone, or satellite telephone for res- cue vessel-to-shore communications. Once On Scene As you approach the distressed vessel, contact the SAR mission coordinator to report your initial obser- vations. Continue your risk assessment. Ask yourself ques- tions such as: ? Does the location and condition of distressed pas- sengers and crew permit safe rescue? ? Does the planned rescue exceed the limits of your training, vessel, or crew experience? ? Does the rescue place your vessel, crew, or pas- sengers in serious harm? ? Is additional or better-trained assistance needed? ? How will the wind, waves, current, tide, and/or water temperature impact the rescue? ? What is the condition of the distressed ves- sel? Will it sink or drift ashore? Can it be safely approached given the current conditions? ? Is safety equipment needed to complete the res- cue available? ? Are you trained and equipped to tow the vessel to safety? ? Do you have a means to recover people from the water or a survival craft? ? Are there serious injuries, and are you prepared WR SURYLGH ÀUVW DLG" ? Is your crew properly equipped? Are rescue crews wearing PFDs and other required safety gear? Gather Important Information If the distressed master remains aboard and his radio equipment is operational, maintain communications ZLWK KLP &RQÀUP WKH QXPEHU DQG FRQGLWLRQ RI SHR- ple that are aboard, in rafts, or in the water. Review his priorities and recommendations and brief him on your intentions and plan of action. This com- PXQLFDWLRQ ZLOO LQFUHDVH KLV FRQÀGHQFH LQ \RX DQG your actions. Fall 2011 Proceedings 53

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