Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.
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24 Proceedings Fall 2015 www.uscg.mil/proceedings Sector commanders can again use the Risk Management Workspace to assess the risks LNG-fueled vessels and lique- fed natural gas bunkering operations pose to densely popu- lated areas. The volume of liquefed natural gas involved in these projects is considerably smaller than that being carried in the cargo tanks of LNG carriers. Because of this lesser vol- ume, the risk associated with a liquefed natural gas release from these vessels is considered low. In general, unless the liquefed natural gas carried signifcantly increases or other factors make them necessary, Coast Guard armed maritime escorts of LNG-fueled vessels and LNG bunkering vessels will likely not be warranted or required. But as construc- tion and design plans change, the Coast Guard will have to continually reassess the potential for increased risks to the marine transportation system. In Summary As conditions change and/or the understand- ing of risk improves, the Coast Guard re- evaluates and periodically adjusts its MSRO policy, and Coast Guard personnel will con- tinue to apply a risk-based and risk-informed framework to manage these maritime secu- rity challenges. The risks associated with Bakken crude oil and LNG warrant some- what different approaches to mitigate them; however, both approaches are risk-informed. About the authors: LCDR John Egan is an MH-65 pilot recently assigned to Helicopter Interdiction Tactical Squadron, Jacksonville, Florida. He previously served at Coast Guard headquar- ters in the Antiterrorism Division, Offce of Maritime Security Response Policy. A graduate of the U.S. Coast Guard Academy, he holds master's degrees in business administration, strategic studies, and homeland security. Mr. Alan Peek is a staff member of the Antiterrorism Division in the Offce of Maritime Security Response Policy, Coast Guard headquarters. A gradu- ate of the U.S. Coast Guard Academy, he also has a M.S. degree in chemical engineering. After serving in a variety of marine safety and marine envi- ronmental protection assignments, Mr. Peek retired and was employed by General Dynamics Information Technology as a maritime security analyst. Endnotes: 1. U.S. Energy Information Administration; International Energy Statistics — Pro- duction of Petroleum and Natural Gas — 2013 Data; January 23, 2015. 2. U.S. Government Accountability Offce, "Natural Gas: Federal Approval Process for Liquefed Natural Gas Exports," GAO-14-762, Sept. 2014. 3. U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission; North American LNG Import/ Export Terminals Approved; Jan. 6, 2015. 4. From assay data, the "light end" content for Bakken crude is 7.2 percent by volume. "A Survey of Bakken Crude Oil Characteristics Assembled for the U.S. Depart- ment of Transportation," submitted by American Fuel & Petroleum Manufactur- ers. Prepared by Dangerous Goods Transport Consulting, Inc., May 14, 2014. 5. U.S. Department of Energy, Liquefed Natural Gas Safety Research Report to Congress, May 2012. U.S. Coast Guard maritime security crews escort a consolidated tug and barge along a channel. U.S. Coast Guard photo by CWO Adam Wine.