Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.
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17 Winter 2015–2016 Proceedings www.uscg.mil/proceedings New Jersey investigators obtained the soil samples submit- ted for hydrocarbon testing and turned them over to the MSL for processing. Marine Safety Laboratory personnel compared the petroleum oil fngerprint from each client's property and determined that several sites matched each other. This fnding would be impossible if each site truly did contain a leaking underground storage tank, since com- pletely unrelated physical locations would not have pre- cisely the same petroleum oil history throughout the tank's lifetime. The MSL's results proved there was indeed a single source of diesel fuel contaminating the soil samples rather than hydrocarbons from legitimately leaking tanks. Kidnapping, Armed Robbery, and Motor Vehicle Theft: In January 2010, the Miami Valley Regional Crime Lab con- tacted the MSL for assistance in a kidnapping, armed rob- bery, and motor vehicle theft case. The suspects allegedly parked their vehicle in the victim's garage during the crime, where it leaked oil onto the concrete garage foor. Investigators collected samples from the garage foor, the victim's vehicle, and the suspects' vehicle. Petroleum oil fn- gerprinting determined the sample from the victim's vehi- cle did not match the sample from the garage foor, but the sample from the suspects' vehicle did, so the MSL provided forensic evidence placing the vehicle at the crime scene. Criminal Possession of Stolen Property, Endangering Public Health, and Unauthorized Use of a Vehicle: From January to March 2012, tankers flled with viscous waste oil were being abandoned on the streets of New York and New Jersey. As the tankers were discovered, investigators submitted samples to the MSL for fngerprint analysis. Each sample that came in matched the ones before, indicating that the 12 seemingly random abandoned tankers were indeed connected. State investigators suspected that the owner of a commercial facility in New York had enlisted help to make his busi- ness's thick oily waste disappear. The person he hired to help allegedly stole several empty tanker trailer trucks from lots in New Jersey and drove them to the business in New York, where employees allegedly flled the tankers with the oily waste. The loaded trucks were then abandoned on pub- lic streets. Both parties were ultimately charged with several felonies. About the author: Ms. Kristy Juaire has worked at the USCG Marine Safety Laboratory for 14 years. She is the USCG voting member to the American Society for Test- ing Materials regarding oil fngerprinting standards and has provided expert testimony in 12 federal criminal trials. She holds a B.S. and an M.S. in organic geology-chemistry from Brown University. Endnotes: 1. Oil Spill Identifcation System. USCG R&D Center Report No. CG-D-52-77 (NTIS #ADA044750), 1977. 2. CDR Gabrielle McGrat h et al., "The Investigation to Identif y t he SS Jacob Luckenbach — Using Technology to locate a Hidden Source of Oil that Caused Years of Impacts and the Future Implications of Sunken Shipwrecks," 2003, IOSC Proceedings. 3. Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill. See www.uscg.mil/foia/docs/DWH/BPDWH.pdf.