Proceedings Of The Marine

WIN 2015

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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27 Winter 2015–2016 Proceedings www.uscg.mil/proceedings • the grounding did not result in any other marine casualty criteria being met as defined in 46 CFR Part 4.05-1(a)(3) through (8). Under current policy, the Coast Guard does not consider an unintended bump and go grounding alone to be a reportable marine casualty, 2 but initial notifications of bump and go groundings must still be made to the appropriate Coast Guard command center as a hazardous condition, per 33 CFR Part 160.216. A Coast Guard prevention offcer shall review each reported bump and go grounding to confrm that it meets the criteria to be excluded from the grounding casualty reporting requirements under 46 CFR 4.05. 3 Coast Guard personnel don't necessarily need to enter such information into the Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement (MISLE) database, but any time a feld unit does complete an optional investigation on a confirmed bump and go grounding, personnel should document the activity as a nonreportable casualty in MISLE, with no asso- ciated CG-2692. Reporting and Investigation As all types of vessel groundings may result in injuries, damage to property and the environment, and navigational obstructions that block the fow of commerce, it is important these casualties be reported so the Coast Guard can take appropriate measures to protect the safety of the public, the safety of waterway users, and prevent future casualties. The marine casualty reporting requirements of 46 CFR 4.05-1 require that the owner, agent, master, operator, or per- son in charge of a vessel must report certain marine casual- ties, including unintended groundings, to the Coast Guard. Once aware of the grounding, the Coast Guard will under- take an investigation to determine as closely as possible: • the cause of the grounding; • whether there is evidence of any material failure (physi- cal or design) that may have contributed to the casualty; • whether there is evidence that any act of misconduct, inattention to duty, negligence, or willful violation of law on the part of any licensed or certifed person may have contributed to the casualty; • whether there is evidence that any Coast Guard person- nel or employee of any government agency or any other person caused or contributed to the casualty; • whether a marine board of investigations should inves- tigate the casualty, in accordance with regulations in 46 CFR 4.09. Coast Guard personnel then compile information from these incidents for statistics and provide indications why they occurred. This information can help them better determine when or under what conditions groundings may be likely to occur. For example, groundings may be found to be more common during certain times of day or year. Other factors affecting grounding incidents include day/night conditions, water depths, vessel operations, mechanical issues, weather conditions, changes in the waterway bottom, and whether the voyage was a vessel's or ship personnel member's frst- time transit. About the author: Mr. Les Ledet is a civilian marine casualty investigator at the Investigations National Center of Expertise. He began his maritime career in 1974 as a deckhand and is currently a licensed towing master/unlimited pilot on the inland waters of the United States. He has also served as a civilian vessel traffc service watchstander. Mr. Ledet is a subject matter expert in the feld of inland navigation, ship handling, bridge resource management, rules of the road, inland towing operations, and deck licensing. Endnotes: 1. Inland navigation rules defne the term "western rivers" as "the Mississippi River, its tributaries, South Pass, and Southwest Pass, to the navigational demarcation lines dividing the high seas from harbors, rivers, and other inland waters of the United States, and the Port Allen-Morgan City Alternate Route, and that part of the Atchafalaya River above its junction with the Port Allen-Morgan City alternate route including the Old River and the Red River." 2. U.S. Coast Guard Casualty Reporting NVIC 01-2015. 3. As defned in 46 CFR 4.05-1 (a)(3) through (8). A grounded tank vessel blocks deep-draft shipping traffc. U.S. Coast Guard photo.

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