Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.
Issue link: http://uscgproceedings.epubxp.com/i/665311
9 Spring 2016 Proceedings www.uscg.mil/proceedings The U.S. receives approximately 9,000 foreign commercial ships per year that make more than 75,000 port calls. 1 These vessels on international voyages include container vessels, passenger vessels, and tank vessels, among other types. As a result, they must comply with a variety of international requirements, including the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS), the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL). A safety management system (SMS) is required under SOLAS, and sections of MARPOL require written proce- dures for garbage management, fuel switchover, and cargo transfers. Also, as part of the International Safety Manage- ment Code, every company must develop and implement a safety management system, which includes a safety and environmental policy as well as reporting requirements, authorities, communication channels, and audit procedures. Additionally, U.S. Coast Guard regulations require written fuel oil and/or cargo transfer procedures. A good SMS contributes to ship and crew safety and helps ensure the ship is prepared to manage its environmental responsibilities, potentially reducing waste streams and the costs associated with waste disposal. Waste Streams Waste products on a ship must be properly processed onboard or sent to shore for processing and/or disposal. An effcient SMS addresses waste stream reduction and iden- tifes proper processing and waste disposal methods. For example, a quality safety management system addresses proper machinery maintenance and repair to help engineers eliminate or at least minimize oil and fuel leaks that often mix with water in the bilge or leak out of equipment on deck. This oily water mixture often results in heavier waste streams that may decrease overall efficiency and cause greater problems down the line. The oil filtering discharge equipment onboard a ship, known as the oily water separator (OWS), processes lightly oiled water much more efficiently than heavy mixtures. Heavy mixtures require longer processing periods, which cause machinery to run longer and require additional servicing and cleaning — sometimes rendering the OWS unserviceable. Garbage Management Ships prevent pollution at sea by properly separating gar- bage and knowing when, where, and how to properly marshal and document garbage disposal. Implementing a Safety Management Systems to Prevent Pollution from Ships Standard procedures protect the environment. by LCDR miChAeL LenDvAy Offce of Commercial Vessel Compliance U.S. Coast Guard Safety Management System Objectives SMS Failure The U. S. Coast Guard recently detained a vessel caught bypassing the oily water separator. In this case, crewmembers reported to Coast Guard personnel that some of the engineers ordered them to pump waste oily bilge water directly overboard through the marine sanita- tion device. This was counter to the vessel's safety manage- ment system and violated international regulations, as well. When Coast Guard personnel conducted a port state control exam of the vessel, they found multiple grounds for detainment: oily residue in the marine sanitation device, discrepancies noted in the required oil record book, and oily waste water stored in unapproved tanks.