Proceedings Of The Marine

SPR 2016

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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40 Proceedings Spring 2016 www.uscg.mil/proceedings The International Maritime Organization has established guidelines for port state control; the IMO auditors will ver- ify that member states are operating their port state control program in accordance with those guidelines. Also, this area of the audit includes the responsibility of the port state to prevent pollution by providing facilities for accepting and properly disposing of oil, sewage, garbage, and other waste from the ships that call in their ports. The Coast Guard conducts port state control examinations for foreign vessels visiting the U.S. using a well-defned system that prioritizes examinations based on a variety of factors. The Coast Guard publishes an annual report that summarizes the results of these examinations, including by fag. 5 Coastal State These are the areas where member states provide for the safety of ships and persons on or adjacent to their coastline. This includes, among other things: • search and rescue capability, • aids to navigation, • charting/hydrography for the coastal waters of the member state. Depending on the geography of the member state, the need for capability in this area varies greatly. The U.S. has sig- nifcant resources and capability in all these areas, due to its extensive coastline. Looking Ahead There can be an unfortunate negative connotation associ- ated with any audit program, and some may perceive that the IMO member state audit program is simply intended to criticize member states that lack the resources to perform at a level comparable to a developed nation such as the U.S. The proper view of the audit system is that the fndings of the audit will assist the member state by identifying areas where improvement is needed. Conversely, for those mem- ber states the audit identifes as exceptional performers in certain areas, the audit system may provide a source for other member states to learn from best practices. The International Maritime Organization audits are unique because they're carried out by member state government personnel who are themselves active with implementing the IMO instruments for their own member state. In this sense, the audit is a form of shared capacity among IMO mem- ber states and a peer review that can provide perspective immensely helpful to the member state being audited. When viewed from this perspective, it is a positive move toward more consistent and effective international implementation for the International Maritime Organization mandatory instruments, which benefts all. About the author: Mr. Hannon has served with the Coast Guard for 38 years. He was a marine inspector as a Coast Guard offcer on active and reserve duty. As a civilian employee at Coast Guard headquarters, he develops regulations, policy, and procedures for inspection and certifcation of U.S.-fagged commercial and military sealift vessels. He is a U.S. delegate to the IMO III subcommittee, a member of the IMO audit scheme work group, and is an IMO lead auditor. Endnotes: 1. IMO Res. A.1067(28) on the Framework and Procedures for the IMO Member State Audit Scheme, December 13, 2013. 2. IMO Res. A.1068(28) on the Transition from the Voluntary IMO Member State Audit Scheme to the IMO Member State Audit Scheme, December 13, 2013. 3. IMO Res. A.1070(28) on the IMO Instruments Implementation Code (III Code), December 13, 2013. 4. The III Code specifes "The fag state shall establish or participate in an oversight program with adequate resources for monitoring of, and communication with, its recognized organization(s) in order to ensure that its international obligations are fully met." 5. U.S. Coast Guard, Port State Control in the United States, 2014 Annual Report.

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