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18 Proceedings Summer 2016 www.uscg.mil/proceedings the pilot's course, the vessel alided along its port side with the bridge's fender system three minutes later. The Cosco Busan suffered a 100-foot by 12-foot gash, cutting into two fuel tanks and spilling up to 58,000 gallons of oil. The Incident Specific Preparedness Review of January 2008 found the pilot guilty of navigating at a high, unsafe speed in near-zero visibility and failing to monitor the vessel's position and progress. It faulted the master of the Cosco Busan for not monitoring the pilot's actions, and both for failing to communicate with each other. 1 Endnote: 1. The Senate passed a bill, but it was not enacted into law. One provision of the bill requiring VTS communication to identify the vessel, and not the pilot, was incorporated in CG VTS policy. The summary below was written by the Congressional Research Service, which is a nonpartisan division of the Library of Congress.: 9/29/2010--Passed Senate amended. Oil Spill Prevention Act of 2010 – (Sec. 2) Requires double hull protection of oil fuel tanks on certain vessels with a tank capacity of at least 600 cubic meters. Defines "oil fuel" as any oil used as fuel in connection with the vessel's propulsion and auxiliary machinery. (Sec. 3) Directs the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating to: (1) provide guidance to all vessel traffic personnel that clearly defines the use of authority to direct or control vessel movement when such direction or control is justified in the interest of safety; and (2) require vessel traffic personnel communications to identify the vessel, rather than the pilot, when vessels are operating in vessel traffic service pilotage areas. Requires the Secretary to identify, and report to Congress concerning, requirements for the necessary expansion, improvement, or construction of buildings, networks, communications, or other infrastructure to improve the effectiveness of existing vessel traffic service systems, or necessary to support recommended new vessel traffic service systems, including all necessary costs for construction, reconstruction, expansion, or improvement. Requires a review and validation of the recruiting, retention, training, and expansion of vessel traffic service personnel. (Sec. 4) Requires that at least one trained and experienced pollution investigator be on duty or on call at all times for each Coast Guard Sector Command. (Sec. 5) Modifies requirements regarding the duration of merchant mariner's documents and certificates of registry. (Sec. 6) Authorizes the extending of licenses, certificates of registry, and merchant mariner's documents in specified circumstances. Terminates that authorization on December 31, 2011. (Sec. 7) Limits to one the number of reports regarding port security terrorism exercises that the Coast Guard is required to submit each year to the House of Representatives Committee on Appropriations. (Sec. 8) Requires that compliance with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010 be determined by reference to the latest statement titled "Budgetary Effects of PAYGO Legislation" for this Act. Bibliography: Marine casualty report Collision Involving the SS Arizona Standard and the SS Oregon Standard at the Entrance to San Francisco Bay on January 18, 1971, USCG Marine Board of Investigation, August 1971. USCG Vessel Traffic Service San Francisco User's Manual, March 2004. Puget Sound VTS User's Manual, 2013. Vessel Traffic Service Houston/Galveston: A Brief History, March 2014. Robert M. Browning Jr., Captains of the Port, undated. DHS Navigation Center website. Ports, Waterways & Coastal Security, Office of Counterterrorism & Defense Opera- tions Policy (CG-DOD), October 2015. Special thanks to Alan Tubbs, John Dittmar, Mike van Houten, and CAPT Lane Johnson of the United States Coast Guard. About the author: Mr. Dave Rosen is the Pacific Area historian for the U.S. Coast Guard. He completed a Ph.D. in history at the University of Wisconsin and has been an instructor at the University of California and the University of San Fran- cisco, as well as an assistant professor at Ohio State and the University of Minnesota. He assisted in modernization programs at Travis AFB, McClel- lan AFB, Naval Air in Alameda, and Mare Island. He has also worked as a consultant in international business in Germany, France, and Holland, and speaks several languages. 10.8 million gallons of oil. Within 10 days, 1,000 square miles extending 100 miles south of Valdez into the Gulf of Alaska were soaked with oil. As a result of this calamity, Congress passed the Oil Pol- lution Act of 1990. The act addressed maritime commu- nications, radar surveillance, vessel tracking, tank hulls, and mandated that a vessel movement reporting system be used to monitor and track vessel movements. Finally, the U.S. Coast Guard's Aids to Navigation and VTS units were beefed up, and VTS became mandatory. In the 1997 appropriations bill, Congress directed the U.S. Coast Guard to review private/public partnership opportu- nities in VTS operations. As a result, the U.S. Coast Guard established the Ports and Waterways Safety System to address waterway user needs and emphasize partnerships with industry to reduce risk in the marine environment. The Coast Guard also convened a national dialogue group comprised of maritime and waterway community stake- holders to identify the needs of waterway users with respect to vessel traffic management and VTS systems. After the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the Mari- time Transportation Security Act of 2002 amended the Ports and Waterways Safety Act to include port and waterway security. The act required vessels and waterfront facilities to maintain certain security practices and plans, which would be subjected to security inspections. The act also accelerated the phase-in period for Automatic Identification Systems carriage requirements. In November of 2007, the M/V Cosco Busan departed San Francisco's Pier 56 in a dense fog heading out to sea, intending to pass under the Delta Echo span of the San Francisco/Oak- land Bay Bridge. When the vessel traffic service questioned U.S. Coast Guard graphic.