Proceedings Of The Marine

SUM 2016

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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33 Summer 2016 Proceedings www.uscg.mil/proceedings Meeting Public Interest The 20 th century saw the north harbor tract develop to sup- port public recreation, leisure, and other uses in the public interest. Today, music, cultural, and educational activities take place at the lakefront Henry Maier Festival Park and Discovery World. Additionally, Discovery World's dock hosts regular cruise ship visits, bringing tourists to the city. It also serves as the home berth for Wisconsin's flagship, the three-masted schooner Denis Sullivan, which is a U.S. Coast Guard-inspected passenger vessel that sails Milwaukee's harbor from Memorial Day through October, giving pas- sengers a taste of early Great Lakes transportation. The south harbor tract became the commercial port, serving the region with "laker" traffic, and then, in 1959, St. Law- rence Seaway vessels began exchanging commerce with Europe. Since the St. Lawrence Seaway opened, the Mon- treal-based shipline Fednav has been bringing vessels into the Great Lakes from Europe, with Milwaukee a scheduled port of call. The port also serves as landlord to a diverse group of more than 20 tenants on the south harbor tract. For example, the Lake Express high-speed vehicle and passenger ferry carries close to 100,000 passengers between May and November each year, taking their vehicles across Lake Michigan to Muskegon, Michigan, bypassing road congestion and reduc- ing stress on the highway. The international cruise ship industry uses the port's secure docks, as the Hamburg, the largest cruise ship on the Great Lakes, often visits the port with 400 European pas- sengers. Through tight coordination with Customs and Border Protection, the U.S. Coast Guard has been able to ensure compliance with all applicable laws and treaties, provide for passenger security, and allow for safe vessel transit. Further, as a tenant at the Port of Milwaukee since 1907, the U.S. Coast Guard is uniquely situated to facilitate maritime commerce. When U.S. Coast Guard Base Milwaukee was established as a depot for the Ninth Light-House District, Base Milwaukee was used to store, maintain, and repair the region's vessels and assets. In 1967, Base Milwaukee moved to the present-day building for Sector Lake Michigan. In 2005, marine safety, aids to navigation, lifesaving, and search and rescue functions were combined into Sector Lake Michigan, and the command center for all maritime opera- tions on Lake Michigan remains based in Milwaukee. Commercial Traffic Commercial vessel traffic continues today with a combina- tion of "lakers" and "salties" making more than 200 port calls each year. The lakers are U.S.- and Canadian-flagged ships that can carry up to 36,000 tons of bulk commodities such as grain, limestone, cement, and scrap metal. Each Janu- ary through March, the port's winter laker fleet provides an opportunity for additional revenue as maintenance work is carried out, supported by port-owned and -operated cranes. The schooner Denis Sullivan sails Milwaukee's harbor from Memorial Day through October. Photo courtesy of Discovery World, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Lakers arrive at a heavy lift dock. Photo courtesy of the Port of Milwaukee. The Lake Express high-speed vehicle and passenger ferry carries close to 100,000 passengers between May and November each year. Photo cour- tesy of Lake Express, LLC.

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