Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.
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7 Summer 2016 Proceedings www.uscg.mil/proceedings amount of goods to domestic and international consumers and businesses. Waterborne Goods Movement According to data from the Waterborne Commerce Statis- tics Center of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, domestic and foreign waterborne traffic of goods in 2013 was 33.2 per- cent higher than in 1983 (see figure 1). The increase came entirely from foreign water- borne commerce, which rose 84.2 percent during the period, while domestic waterborne commerce fell 6.8 percent. However, waterborne ship- ments of goods fell from a peak of 2,588 million short tons in 2006 to 2,275 million short tons in 2013. The decline in this period resulted mostly from the drop in petroleum ship- ments, which fell 17.3 percent. 4 Waterborne Commerce Sta- tistics Center data also shows that petroleum and petroleum products are the largest group of commodity, by tonnage, in total U.S. waterborne com- merce, accounting for 40.8 per- cent of total traffic in 2013. The second-largest group is crude materials (14.6 percent), fol- lowed by coal (13.7 percent). Pet roleu m a nd p et roleu m products are also the larg- est group of commodities, by tonnage, in domestic and for- eign waterborne commerce, accounting for 36.8 percent of total domestic traffic in 2013, and 43.3 percent of total for- eign waterborne commerce in 2013. U.S. Ports and Foreign Trade Foreign trade is vital to the U.S. economy. Exports and imports accounted for 13.5 percent and 16.6 percent of GDP, respectively, in 2014. 5 U.S. ports handled $1,751 billion of waterborne exports and imports, or 44.1 percent of total U.S. Waterborne Industries, 2013 North American Industry Classification System industries that are comprised of waterborne industries, as well as the number of establishments, employment, and revenues of firms in these industries. Number of Establishments Employment 2012 Revenues ($1,000) Aquaculture 3,093 5,798 1,371,707 Finfish farming and fish hatcheries #N/A #N/A #N/A Shellfish farming #N/A #N/A #N/A Other aquaculture #N/A #N/A #N/A Fishing 2,259 5,990 5,118,939 Finfish fishing 1,288 3,669 #N/A Shellfish fishing 925 2,200 #N/A Other marine fishing 46 121 #N/A Seafood Product Preparation and Packaging 604 31,390 10,692,418 Ship and Boat Building 1,514 135,287 31,945,467 Ship building and repairing 683 106,627 24,956,770 Boat building 831 28,660 6,988,697 Search, Detection, Navigation Guidance, Aeronautical and Nautical System and Instrument Manufacturing 592 131,900 50,279,094 Fish and Seafood Merchant Wholesalers 2,098 20,367 14,305,670 Fish and Seafood Markets 1,995 10,631 2,105,437 Water Transportation 1,556 66,672 41,708,660 Deep sea freight transportation 305 8,704 9,639,955 Deep sea passenger transportation 62 16,743 16,324,925 Inland water freight transportation 497 18,659 7,006,467 Inland water passenger transportation 124 1,885 370,567 Inland waterways towing transportation 355 18,671 8,074,181 Inland waterways ferry transportation 213 2,010 292,565 Scenic and Sightseeing Transportation, Water 1,783 12,548 1,579,684 Support Activities for Water Transportation 2,530 98,460 16,486,242 Port and harbor operations 383 7,000 2,359,128 Marine cargo handling 458 66,301 8,903,626 Navigational services to shipping 847 12,485 3,167,702 Other support activities for water transportation 842 12,674 2,055,786 Marinas 3,844 26,373 3,891,178 Total Waterborne Industries 21,868 545,416 179,484,496 Total Economy 7,488,353 118,266,253 32,061,450,544 Percent of Total Economy 0.29% 0.46% 0.56% Sources: Establishment and employment data are from the 2013 County Business Patterns, U.S. Census Bureau, except Aquaculture. Aquaculture establishment and revenue data are from the 2013 Census of Aquaculture, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Aquaculture employment data are from the 2013 Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Revenue data, except Aquaculture and Fishing, are from the 2012 Economic Census, U.S. Census Bureau. Fishing revenue data are from 2013 Commercial Landings, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Notes: Revenue data from the Economic Census are for 2012 and refer to value of sales, shipments, receipts, revenue, or business. Aquaculture establishments refer to farms. Table 1