Proceedings Of The Marine

SPR 2015

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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12 Proceedings Spring 2015 www.uscg.mil/proceedings Reduced energy and feedstock costs also are renewing the domestic chemical industry, which brings an attendant rise in risk. These and other changes necessitate planning and prepared- ness review to ensure we as a nation are ready to respond. Fortunately, the National Response System and the National Strike Force adapt to address challenges and work to protect human health and the environment. About the author: Mr. Scott Lundgren is the technical advisor and deputy chief of the Offce of Marine Environmental Response Policy at Coast Guard headquarters. He also serves as the principal international representative on the Interna- tional Maritime Organization's International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Co-operation technical working group and the Arctic Council's emergency prevention, preparedness, and response working group. He previously served as chief of the Coast Guard's Incident Man- agement and Cross Contingency Division, and he holds master's degrees in environmental management from Harvard and in national security and strategic studies from the Naval War College. command structure that follows the Incident Command System model of the National Incident Management Sys- tem, and uses a unifed command at the leadership level to ensure that there are common incident objectives and approaches. 4 Further, the FOSC and the unifed command may draw on agency resources or regional and national response teams, as well as National Response System special teams (includ- ing the National Strike Force) that provide deployable, adaptable, and scalable specialized capability. The Future Certain events have tested system limits and have resulted in statutory and regulatory improvements (see sidebar). Looking forward, the burgeoning North American energy and petrochemical trends that have emerged during the past fve years have fundamentally changed oil produc- tion and transportation patterns so that a larger number of smaller vessels will spend more time on or near U.S. waters. In the years after this revitalization, the National Strike Force was also integral to the Coast Guard and the environmental response community adopting and inte- grating the Incident Command System. 7 9/11, Anthrax The National Strike Force was exten- sively engaged in the 9/11 terrorist attack response, as well as the Capitol Hill anthrax cleanup. The NSF provided tactical entry teams, specialized equip- ment, management support, and a deputy incident commander for the anthrax response emergency phase. 8 During this period, leadership inte- grated NSF into the Coast Guard Deploy- able Operations Group and operations included greater integration with secu- rity and defense forces, more involve- ment in special security events, and enhanced chemical, biological, radio- logical, and nuclear capabilities. On the national stage, the NCP played an integral part in the post-9/11 National Response Plan, later being integrated as an operational supplement to the suc- cessor National Response Framework. The Incident Command System, long used by environmental responders, became the incident management system of choice and national policy under Homeland Security Presidential Directive-5. 9 Hurricane Katrina The National Strike Force deployed to the Hurricane Katrina response to sup- port feld commanders, and assumed the Coast Guard aspect of the oil and hazardous substance mission, in Members of the U.S. Coast Guard Atlantic Strike Team decontaminate investigators during the Capitol Hill anthrax cleanup. U.S. Coast Guard photo.

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