Proceedings Of The Marine

SPR 2016

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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22 Proceedings Spring 2016 www.uscg.mil/proceedings The bureau may conduct its own investigations into the robustness and effectiveness of one or more of the opera- tor's safety and environmental management system ele- ments, requiring the fndings to be acted upon. Normally this action is taken when a new operator comes into the feld or when there are specifc, focused concerns that BSEE inspectors have raised. For those operators who do not have a functioning safety and environmental management system, BSEE can require the lessee or operator to cease operations until they can demonstrate they have a SEMS in place, and that it plays an important role in day-to-day operations. About the author: Mr. Stan Kaczmarek has a B.S. degree from the State University of New York and an M.S. degree from Cornell University. His experience includes engineering environmental controls in the oil industry; creating standards; developing audit programs to improve health, safety, and environmental risk management in multinational corporations; and participating on incident management teams and auditing oil spill response in the U.S. and abroad. His role at the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement is to help improve the effectiveness of safety and environmental management systems as a risk management tool. Endnotes: 1. Prescriptive regulations specify what to do, and sometimes how to do it. Perfor- mance-based regulations specify performance criteria and leave it to the regulated party as to how best to achieve it. 2. In June 2015, BSEE named the Center for Offshore Safety an offcial audit service provider accreditation body. working well in their management system implementa- tion and helping such operators inform and promote consideration of those activities they have found to be particularly important in managing risks. • Ensure that when operators commit to corrective actions in response to SEMS audits, that these actions address not only the specifc defciency identifed by the audi- tor but also the underlying systematic weaknesses contributing to the defciency. In some instances, a cor- rective action may require that changes to the safety and environmental management system design or implementation be made across an operator's full net- work of facilities. Along these lines, BSEE hopes to engage operators in deeper dialogue regarding the creation and management of their corrective action plans. For example, the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement may request that company investigators looking into specifc incidents, near-misses, or gaps found by their auditors dig deeper to identify and fx the technical and human root causes rather than just the more obvious symptoms. In cases where BSEE becomes concerned about the effec- tiveness of an operator's management system, perhaps due to recurring or severe incidents, the bureau may require a company to perform a directed audit outside of the normal three-year schedule to identify potential shortfalls and pro- vide the operator with additional knowledge on where their systems may require improvement.

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