Proceedings Of The Marine

SUM 2016

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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54 Proceedings Summer 2016 study with an expanded geographic scope and a proposed vessel routing system — an 816-nau- tical-mile-long by 4-nautical-mile wide, two- way vessel route in U.S. waters from Unimak Pass on the Aleutian chain through the Bering Strait. The routing system also has an extension toward Russia in the vicinity of St. Lawrence Island and four different 8-nautical-mile pre- cautionary areas. 8 Future Focus The waters off western Alaska are resource- rich, often hazardous, and of immense impor- tance to maritime commerce and Alaska native subsistence. The U.S. Coast Guard is committed to ensuring safe navigation, collaboration with port stakeholders, and other initiatives. As ves- sel traffic continues to evolve in western Alaska, the U.S. Coast Guard will remain ready to be a part of sound solutions. About the author: CDR Hector Cintron has served in the U.S. Coast Guard for 28 years. CDR Cintron has served in many capacities, most notably as the Prevention Department chief of Coast Guard Sector Anchorage, and has received five Coast Guard com- mendation medals, one joint service achievement medal, and four Coast Guard achievement medals, in addition to other personal and unit awards. Endnotes: 1. More information about the 2015 Aleutian Islands Risk Assess- ment Summary Report is available at: www.aleutiansriskas- NAL_hr.pdf. 2. Ibid. 3. Innocent passage is the right of non-interference for a vessel tran- siting inbound, outbound, or through a foreign territorial sea. For a vessel to enjoy this right, it must be engaged in "passage" that is "innocent." "Passage" means a continuous and rapid traversing of the territorial sea, but may include anchoring in the course of ordinary navigation. Passage is "innocent" so long as it is not prejudi- cial to the peace, good order, or security of the coastal state. More information about innocent passage is available under Section 3 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea at: unclos/unclos_e.pdf. With respect to the U.S. territorial sea, it means the waters, 12 nautical miles wide, adjacent to the coast of the U.S. and seaward of the territorial sea baseline, per 33 CFR 2.22. 4. More information about Arctic vessel traffic off the coast of Russia is available at the Northern Sea Route Information Office at: 5. The "10-Year Projection of Maritime Activity in the U.S. Arctic Region" report of the Committee on the Marine Transportation System is available at: www.cmts. gov/Bulletin.aspx?id=87. 6. See 7. The U.S. Coast Guard will publish the draft port access route study via the Federal Register with an additional comment period. Public comments are available by going to, then searching for "USCG-2014-0941." 8. Precautionary areas are "a routing measure comprising an area within defined limits where ships must navigate with particular caution and within which the direction of traffic flow may be recommended," as defined by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. More information about precautionary areas in U.S. waters is available at: in-u-s-waters. federally recognized tribes and federal subsistence co-man- agement groups to coordinate planned operations that pro- mote safe maritime practices. For example, in November 2010, the U.S. Coast Guard began a port access route study 7 of the Bering Sea and Bering Strait and solicited public comment on the need for a vessel rout- ing system in the region. Public comments overwhelmingly supported some form of vessel routing system, but cau- tioned that specific effects could not be determined until a vessel route was proposed. Based on the public comments, the U.S. Coast Guard deter- mined the scope of the port access route study needed to expand, so they developed a proposed vessel route. In 2014, the U.S. Coast Guard reannounced the port access route Port access route study routing measures. U.S. Coast Guard graphic.

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