Proceedings Of The Marine

SUM 2015

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

Issue link: http://uscgproceedings.epubxp.com/i/528099

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Navigation

Page 62 of 70

60 Proceedings Summer 2015 www.uscg.mil/proceedings jamming, or spoofng applies equally to the AIS ATONs as it does to other maritime traffc. This threat reinforces the continued need for training in position-fxing methods, using visual and radar information, as well as its ongoing integration with new electronic navigation aids. Electronic Marine Safety Information: Analog to Digital Electronic (or enhanced) marine safety information con- solidates marine safety information display on the ECS/ ECDIS, which facilitates decision making. Transmitting marine safety information, such as area notices or ATON outages, is accomplished in part through an alphanumeric marine safety information display directly on the display of the ECS/ECDIS. Electronic maritime safety information has the potential to reduce the watchstander's workload by fltering informa- tion, but it will require a shift from verbal to written (elec- tronic) forms of communication. Integrating eMSI into the scanning of bridge equipment displays may allow for height- ened situational awareness and may ultimately increase the amount of time spent looking out of the window. The View From the Bridge Navigators are taught to "keep ahead of the vessel." New technology can make it easier to accomplish this objective, but there must be vigilance to prevent overreliance on or becoming overloaded with the available information. The balance between the real and digital world is dynamic. There will be a shift to greater electronic navigational aids monitoring, as these same aids provide enhanced informa- tion and support navigational decision making. Acknowledgement: The author would like to thank to Captain Peter Hayes, Captain Tuuli Messer, and the CMA library staff for their assistance with this article. About the author: Mr. Scott Powell has developed and delivered ECDIS training courses for cadets and maritime pilots. He is the 2012 and 2014 recipient of the Califor- nia State Student Association's Faculty Innovation in Technology Award. He holds an A.A.S from Great Lakes Maritime Academy, a B.S. from Ferris State University, and an M.S. from SUNY Maritime College. Bibliography: International Maritime Organization. Draft Strategy for the Development and Imple- mentation of E-navigation. Report to the Maritime Safety Committee Annex 12, no. NAV 54/25 (2008). Lützhöft M.H. and Dekker, S.W.A. On Your Watch: Automation on the Bridge, The Journal of Navigation, 55, (2002): p.p. 83-96 doi: 10.1017/S0373463301001588. Charter VIII Standards regarding Watchkeeping. In International Convention on Stan- dards of Training, Certifcation, and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 251-268. 2011 ed. London: International Maritime Organization, (2011). Carriage of Navigation Equipment for Ships on International Voyages, 69 Fed. Reg., July 14, 2004. International Maritime Organization. Issues to Be Considered When Introducing New Technology on Board Ships. MSC/Circ. 1091 (2003). International Maritime Organization. IMO Model Course 1.34 Automatic Identifcation System. London, (2006). Geoffrey Bird, Magda Osman, Anna Saggerson, and Cecilla Heyes. Sequence Learn- ing by Action, Observation and Action Observation. British Journal of Psychology 96 (2005): p.p. 371-88. doi: 10.1348/000712605X47440. Ali Rassuli, and John P. Manzer. "Teach Us to Learn": Multivariate Analysis of Percep- tion of Success in Team Learning. Journal of Education for Business, 81, no. 1 (2005): p.p. 21-27 Anuradha A. Gokhale. Collaborative Learning Enhances Critical Thinking. Journal of Technology Education 7, no. 1 (1995). Available at http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ejour- nals/JTE/v7n1/gokhale.jte-v7n1.html. Regulation 1/14 Responsibilities of Companies STCW 78 as amended, and 6 Resources and Personnel 6.3,6.5 ISM Code, 2014 ed. Table A-II/1 Use of ECDIS to maintain the safety of Navigation and Section B-I/12, Train- ing and assessment in the operational use of the Electronic Chart Display and Information System (ECDIS). London: International Maritime Organization, In International Convention on Standards of Training, Certifcation, and Watchkeeping for Seafar- ers, 104, p.p. 300-301, 2011 ed. National Imagery and Mapping Agency. The American Practical Navigator. 2002 Bicen- tennial Edition ed. Bethesda, MD: National Imagery and Mapping Agency, (2002), p.p. 72-73. United States Coast Guard, comp. Pacifc Coast and Pacifc Islands. Vol. VI of Light List. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Offce, (2014), p. 37. United States Coast Guard. U.S. Coast Guard to Test Automatic Identifcation System (AIS) Aids to Navigation (ATON). N.p., USCG, 2014. Available at www.navcen.uscg. gov/pdf/AIS/AIS_ATON_Special_Notice_v4.pdf. International Association of Marine Aids to Navigation and Lighthouse Authori- ties. IALA Guidelines No. 1081 On Virtual Aids to Navigation. Saint Germain en Laye, France: n.p., 2010, p. 10. Endnotes 1. Lützhöft M.H. and Dekker, S.W.A. On Your Watch: Automation on the Bridge, The Journal of Navigation, 55, (2002): p.p. 83-96 doi: 10.1017/S0373463301001588. 2. Ibid. 3. National Transportation Safety Board. Grounding of the Panamanian Passenger Ship Royal Majesty on Rose and Crown Shoal Near Nantucket, Massachusetts June 10, 1995. Marine Accident Report no. NTSB/MAR-97/01. Washington, DC: National Trans- portation Safety Board, 1997. 4. National Transportation Safety Board. Allision of the Cargo Vessel M/V Delta Mariner with Eggner's Ferry Bridge, Tennessee River Near Aurora, Kentucky January 26,2012. Marine Accident Report no. NTSB/MAR-13/02. Washington, DC: National Trans- portation Safety Board, 2013. 5. International Maritime Organization. Issues to Be Considered When Introducing New Technology on Board Ships. MSC/Circ. 1091 (2003). 6. United States Coast Guard. U.S. Coast Guard to Test Automatic Identifcation System (AIS) Aids to Navigation (ATON). N.p., USCG, 2014. Available at www.navcen.uscg. gov/pdf/AIS/AIS_ATON_Special_Notice_v4.pdf. Virtual and synthetic AIS ATONs in an offshore application. Image courtesy of Transas.

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