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78 Proceedings Spring 2015 www.uscg.mil/proceedings to navigation surveys. Western rivers sectors also deployed disaster assistance recovery teams in support of FEMA, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and the state of New Jersey. The Take-Aways The Coast Guard's connectivity to the National Response Framework was strikingly clear during these responses. Local and regional Coast Guard units demonstrated their ability to plan for and execute disaster response plans for the frst 72 hours, then subsequent reinforcements plugged any gaps for a national response and long-term recovery. Incident management and crisis response are critical func- tions that span all Coast Guard missions. Locally based, nationally deployed, and globally connected, the Coast Guard is uniquely positioned to respond to and lead inci- dents within the maritime domain. Whether a search and rescue case, oil spill, security event, marine transportation disruption, or any other maritime disturbance, the Coast Guard is ready to respond to ensure the safety, security, and stewardship of the nation's waters. About the authors: Mr. Sligh served in the U.S. Navy and Coast Guard for more than 24 years, including two tours within the National Strike Force and a tour as Deploy- able Operations Group NSF force manager. Since his retirement, he has sup- ported Coast Guard headquarters as a program manager within the Offce of Marine Environmental Response and currently as the chief, Incident Man- agement and Cross Contingency Division. LCDR Robert Gore is the Incident Management Policy branch chief at Coast Guard headquarters. He has served in the U.S. Coast Guard for 17 years, in capacities including National Strike Force oil spill response organization program manager, Sector Hampton Roads Incident Management Division chief, and in the Incident Management Advanced Education Program, where he earned his MPA in emergency management. Bibliography: Coast Guard Publication 3-28, Incident Management and Crisis Response, 2014. COMDTINST 16000.22, Coast Guard Connectivity to the National Response Frame- work, 2009. Editor's note: Some of the incident statistics and information in this article come from internal Coast Guard reports and may not be avail- able online. Endnotes: 1. The president makes a Stafford Act declaration following the request from a gov- ernor to provide federal assistance to state and local responders. 2. Emergency Support Function 10 — Oil and Hazardous Materials. In addition, Houston-Galveston personnel worked with FEMA, the National Pollution Funds Center, and the NSF to pre-position strike team personnel under a pre-scripted mission assignment. During the response, Coast Guard personnel partnered with the EPA, Texas Grants Land Offce, and the Texas Com- mission on Environmental Quality. Strike team personnel surged to support the unifed com- mand on several major oil spills, hazardous materials release from intermodal containers, and pollution threats from hundreds of vessels. The Coast Guard also provided nine members to a joint feld offce to coordinate the ESF-10 2 portion of the response and eight personnel from the now disestablished Deployable Operations Group. In addition to those surge forces, Sectors Upper and Lower Mississippi River deployed their district response advisory teams for food response operations. Hurricane Sandy, 2012 In October 2012, Sandy became a mild Category 1 hurri- cane off the coasts of Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina. Eventually, as the storm moved northwest, a high pressure and cold front to the north added to its fury, and Sandy caused catastrophic damage along the New Jersey, New York, and Connecticut coasts. In more bad news, a full moon, which enhanced tides, helped to produce a disastrous storm surge. Coast Guard First District and Sector New York command- ers dispatched various elements to perform traditional Coast Guard missions. Eventually, as the response trans- formed into a whole-of-government response, Coast Guard senior leadership realized the need to bring in various types of reinforcements for the long-term response and recovery efforts. The Coast Guard liaisons assigned to local, state, and fed- eral emergency operations centers in the area requested reinforcements that included a NSF strike team capable of dewatering the Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel, which connects the Borough of Brooklyn with the Borough of Manhattan, and personnel to help re-open local ports and perform aids