Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.
Issue link: http://uscgproceedings.epubxp.com/i/314313
For more than 100 years, the United States has demonstrated a proactive approach to international passenger ship safety. In May 2000, with Coast Guard leadership and international shipping com- munity support, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) agreed to undertake a holistic examination of safety issues that pertain to passenger ships, with particular emphasis on large cruise ships. This signif cant effort identif ed a number of areas of concern related to cruise ships, and resulted in substantial amendments to the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) Convention. The outcome of this initiative was an entirely new prevention and survivability-based regulatory philosophy for cruise ship design, construction, and operation. Recognizing continuing growth in cruise ship size, capacity, and complexity, the Coast Guard created its Cruise Ship National Center of Expertise in 2008 to increase Coast Guard f eld person- nel prof ciency, capabilities, and consistency in the areas of cruise ship safety and environmental and security compliance. Despite international and industry efforts to ensure passenger safety, however, we've seen a number of high-prof le cruise ship incidents — reminders to all of us that risks still exist. Fires aboard the Carnival Splendor, Carnival Triumph, and Grandeur of the Seas highlighted concerns about f re safety equipment design, maintenance, and operation. Similarly, the Costa Concordia grounding highlighted voyage planning, emergency power, and crew per- formance during an emergency. Through initial lessons learned, we modif ed Coast Guard procedures to examine f ref ghting system installation and arrangement more closely, increased our expectations for f re drills, and now witness passenger musters before ships depart a U.S. port. So what else is being done and needs to be done? In June 2013, the IMO Maritime Safety Committee adopted new rules governing cruise ship passenger safety brief ngs, which become mandatory in July 2015. These rules mandate that whenever passengers are on a SOLAS passenger ship for more than 24 hours, they will receive a detailed safety brief ng, either prior to or immediately after the vessel sails. This change elevates the global standard for cruise passengers who don't embark ships in U.S. ports. Further, IMO has commenced reviewing design standards to make cruise ships safer and more damage-tolerant, through improved survivability standards. Industry has taken signif cant steps to identify and address system vulnerabilities, an initiative that it has embraced and that I applaud. Still, I believe more needs to be done to identify and address low-probability, high-consequence events on these large, complex, cities at sea. I look forward to working with industry to develop better leading indicators, stronger safety cultures, and greater data transparency. The Coast Guard will continue to take a lead role in protecting the most precious cargo that ships carry: people. We will continue to place the highest priority on enforcing compliance with safety, security, and environmental regulations on vessels that embark passengers in the U.S. and embark U.S. passengers worldwide. We have a strong, effective port state control program, and we will continue to ensure that vessels are in substantial compliance with international and domestic standards. We hope that this edition of Proceedings will provide a better understanding of the many aspects involved with cruise ship regulation and oversight. 4 Proceedings Summer 2014 www.uscg.mil/proceedings Assistant Commandant's Perspective by rear aDMiraL JosePh a. serviDio U.S. Coast Guard Assistant Commandant for Prevention Policy Admiral Robert J. Papp Jr. Commandant U.S. Coast Guard The Marine Safety & Security Council of the United States Coast Guard Rear Admiral Steven D. Poulin Judge Advocate General Chairman Mr. Jeff Lantz Director of Commercial Regulations and Standards Member Rear Admiral Peter J. Brown Assistant Commandant for Response Policy Member Rear Admiral Joseph Servidio Assistant Commandant for Prevention Policy Member Rear Admiral Stephen Metruck Assistant Commandant for Resources, Chief Financial Off cer Member Ms. Ellen Engleman Conners (Acting) Director for Governmental and Public Affairs Member Captain Jonathan Burton Director of Inspections and Compliance Member Mr. William R. Grawe (Acting) Director of National Pollution Funds Center Member Mr. Gary C. Rasicot Director of Marine Transportation Systems Management Member Captain Sheryl Dickinson (Acting) Director of Incident Management and Preparedness Policy Member Commander Michael Cavallaro Executive Secretary Summer2014_22.indd 4 5/13/14 9:45 AM