Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.
Issue link: http://uscgproceedings.epubxp.com/i/205896
Planning for the Future Marine planning and ecosystem-based management promote developing long-term goals that are driven by stakeholder input and tied to a vision of a desired future. Effective goals must balance environmental concerns (including healthy ecosystems, natural habitat, water quality, and aquatic life) with human-use needs (including recreation, seafood, transportation, security, housing, industry, tourism, and energy). For marine planning to succeed, stakeholders must accept the planning goals. Additionally, long-term goals and visions should defneobjectivesthatcanleadtonumerictargetsthat direct specific actions. Marine planning and EBM provide strong management platforms. First, marine planning brings decision makers, planners, and stakeholders together to develop goals for a desired future. Ecosystem-based management provides recommendations to achieve consensus on goals. Marine planning then provides a structure that coordinates actions to achieve goals at the federal, regional, state, and local levels. Information Needs Resource and human use planning require identifying and mapping the natural resources and the human uses and activities in the management area. By way of resources, our coastal and marine areas offer locations with high wind, tidal, or current energy; rich mineral deposits; and high-value ecological habitats, such as oyster beds, coral reefs, seagrass and kelp beds, deepwater sponge grounds, salt marshes; and other areas of enhanced plant, algal, and animal diversity and productivity. These biological "hot spots" support high numbers of species and are vital juvenile nurseries, feeding areas, and nutrient cycling areas. We cannot adequately protect these areas without identifying their locations and values. Further, mapping these locations, along with current and potential human uses, can mitigate conficts. Of course, such spatial planning requires information. Federal and state partners are working to develop mapping approaches, maps, and data to improve information quality and quantity and to provide othertoolssuchasconsistentnamingandclassifcation standards such as the Coastal and Marine EcologicalClassifcationStandard.Additionally,acentral repository for marine planning data and related tools is maintained online through the National Ocean 26 Proceedings Fall 2013 Council and federal partners at ocean.data.gov. (See related article in this edition.) The cumulative and additive effects of multiple stressors lead to more rapid environmental change than would any one stressor acting individually. By looking at environmental trends of the past, planners can determine if environments and ecological resources have been stable, improving, or degrading. By projecting these environmental trends into the future, regional personnel can consult with partners and stakeholders to predict possible future conditions, identify favorable and unfavorable futures, and plan actions accordingly. This iterative approach depends on ecosystem-based management and science-based tools to identify areas and ecosystems at risk for degradation. Marine planning provides a structure that applies these tools to inform management actions to curtail damage. Marine Planning is About Balance A fundamental element is balanced stakeholder involvement — including the public, tribal leaders, industry,nonproftandprivategroups,energy,recreationalandcommercialfshing,tourism,andlandowners. Successful marine planning is inherently participatory, drawing from workshops, outreach, and otherspecifcactionstoinvolvestakeholdersofall types. The goals: • maintain healthy and sustainable coastal and ocean ecosystems, healthy economies, jobs, and energy; • supporttheoceanuseexpectationsoftheconcerned public and stakeholders. When we protect and maintain a sustainable environment, we also protect a sustainable economic future. Economies that draw from or depend upon natural resources cannot sustain long-term economic growth when the necessary resources are continuously degraded. Finally, we must plan for the future, rather than revisit previous decisions. Marine planning manages coastal and ocean uses in a transparent way, but the planning process is not intended to create new regulations or restrictions. This approach uses spatial context to coordinate existing regulations to bring about a more desirable future. This kind of planning allows considerablefexibilityforregions,states,tribes,andother www.uscg.mil/proceedings