Proceedings Of The Marine

SUM 2014

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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Page 52 of 74

50 Proceedings Summer 2014 Deployment The deployment schedule contains three types of deploy- ments. Ocean rangers board cruise ships in Seattle, Wash., or Vancouver, Canada, for the entire round-trip voyage; board in Alaska and depart in Alaska on a partial voyage; or con- duct in-port inspections. Deciding factors on whether to have an ocean ranger con- duct an in-port inspection versus a full voyage deployment include the ship's permitted wastewater discharge status in Alaska, the ship's compliance history and itinerary, ocean ranger availability, and daily cabin costs. Ocean rangers change ships after approximately four weeks, which allows them enough time to become familiar with each ship, yet not become complacent. Monitoring Compliance As a part of their duties in monitoring vessel compliance with state and federal environmental laws and regulations, ocean rangers submit daily reports for each day a cruise ship is in Alaskan waters, whether underway or in port, and complete general reports that inform DEC about vessel conditions that might evolve into noncompliance or recommend program improve- ments. Ocean rangers also inform a cruise ship's crew of potentially noncompliant conditions. For potentially noncompliant conditions that fall outside of the cruise ship program's jurisdiction, personnel notify appropriate state and federal agen- cies, including the U.S. Coast Guard, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Environ- mental Protection Agency, and the appropriate state of Alaska and local health agencies. In the case of an actual noncompliant condition, cruise ship program staffers research the laws, regulations, permits, and required plan terms and conditions; decide the appropriate compliance In August 2006, Alaskans passed a law that contained provi- sions for commercial passenger vessel environmental prac- tices, including the Ocean Ranger program. 1 Ocean rang- ers are independent observers deployed on cruise ships to monitor state and federal requirements for marine dis- charge and pollution. To qualify, an ocean ranger must hold a U.S. Coast Guard marine engineer license, a marine safety and environmental protection degree, or have completed an equivalent course of study from an accredited maritime educational institution. The Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) Cruise Ship Program implemented an ocean ranger pilot program in 2007 and has managed the full-scale pro- gram since 2008. Each cruise ship operating in Alaskan waters pays a $4 per-berth, per-voyage fee that funds ocean ranger program activities. Operations Ocean Rangers Monitoring marine discharge requirements. by Mr. roB eDWarDson Manager, Cruise Ship Program Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation Mr. Morris Mickelson, ocean ranger, checks life raft inspection records. Summer2014_22.indd 50 5/13/14 9:46 AM

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