Proceedings Of The Marine

SUM 2014

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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56 Proceedings Summer 2014 www.uscg.mil/proceedings To ensure that all take a coordinated approach, Port Ever- glades' security and communications staff and representa- tives of the port's business community meet monthly with security partners, including representatives from Transpor- tation Security Administration, U.S. Coast Guard, U.S. Cus- toms and Border Protection, Federal Bureau of Investigation, and Broward Sheriff's Offce to discuss security initiatives and opportunities to further enhance safety and security. Port staff members also hold weekly operations meetings to review upcoming ship arrivals and ensure coordinated security efforts. The Results We believe our multi-layered approach is key to Port Ever- glades' success. The port complies with all national and international security mandates and exercises ongoing What Role Does the Coast Guard Play? by LTJG Kirsten Haas U.S. Coast Guard Sector Miami The U.S. Coast Guard helps to ensure Maritime Transportation Security Act regulations are implemented, but no one agency can carry out all the responsibilities of security alone. Coordina- tion and partnerships among the Coast Guard, industry, local law enforcement agencies, and port representatives are vital in ensuring successful port security. Facility Security Plan For example, every five years, cruise ship companies must submit a facility security plan to the Coast Guard for review, which is a result of an extensive facility security assessment. The facility security ofcer (the person designated to oversee all security operations for the company) surveys the terminal's threats and vulnerabilities and provides the vital information needed to write the security plan and mitigate those threats. When the Coast Guard receives the facility security plan, personnel perform a detailed plan review that includes a site inspection. After the facility security plan is approved, the facility will also be subject to one announced and one unan- nounced Coast Guard inspection each year. The Declaration of Security Interface between the cruise ship and the terminal is another area of concern. The cruise ship facility security ofcer must coordinate security needs and procedures with the vessel master or vessel security officer. Upon vessel arrival, both parties must sign the declaration of security. Neither the facility nor the vessel may embark or disembark passengers until this is signed and implemented. Additionally, the declaration of secu- rity must be available for Coast Guard inspection at any time. TWIC Controlling access to secure areas is a vital step in port security. For example, all pier space at Port Everglades is restricted and secure; therefore, anyone accessing these areas must have a Transportation Worker Identifcation Credential (TWIC), which is a biometric security credential. A TWIC is required for any individual who requires unescorted access to secure areas of the port, or regulated facilities and vessels, and all U.S. mariners must hold Coast Guard-issued credentials. TWICs are valid for fve years. The Port Security Grant Program To strengthen the nation's critical infrastructure against risks associated with potential terrorist attacks, Congress autho- rized the Port Security Grant Program to help ports improve their security. Each year, ports across the U.S. can apply for federal money to enhance their maritime domain awareness, support maritime security training and exercises, improve port recovery and resiliency capabilities, or improve port-wide mari- time security risk management. The Coast Guard and Federal Emergency Management Agency review all plans and assign funds to groups based on relative risk rankings. U.S. Coast Guard Station Fort Lauderdale, located across the Intracoastal Waterway from Port Everglades, monitors pleasure craft in and around the port. Summer2014_22.indd 56 5/13/14 9:46 AM

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