Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.
Issue link: http://uscgproceedings.epubxp.com/i/264352
www.uscg.mil/proceedings 68 Proceedings Winter 2013–2014 Smart from the Start The "Smart from the Start" wind energy initiative for the Atlantic Outer Continental Shelf launched in November 2010. This initiative includes three key elements: • eliminate a redundant step from the renewable energy and alternate use rule, • identify wind energy areas to be analyzed in an environmental assessment (prepared pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act 42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq) to support lease issuance and site assess- ment activities, • process offshore transmission proposals. Wind Energy Areas The Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) describes a wind energy area (WEA) as an area that appears to be suitable for commercial wind energy leas- ing. WEAs are delineated following deliberation and consultation with intergovernmental renewable energy state task forces. accounting for roughly 17 percent of the entire estimated U.S. offshore wind resource. Commercial Offshore Wind Energy Generation Many other countries have coastal areas with high wind resource potential. Worldwide there are 4.45 gigawatts (GW) of offshore wind energy installed, with another 4.72 GW under construction, and an additional 30.44 GW approved. More than 50 projects are operational in coastal waters of Denmark, the United Kingdom, Germany, Norway, the Netherlands, Japan, China, South Korea, Belgium, Sweden, Italy, and Portugal. While the U.S. does not have any operational proj- ects, there are thousands of megawatts in the plan- ning stages — mostly in the Northeast and Mid- Atlantic regions. For example, the U.S. Department of the Inte- rior's "Smart from the Start" initiative promotes wind power projects that will soon be built off the Atlantic Coast. continued on page 71 Average offshore wind speed. Map is reprinted with permission from the National Renewable Energy, the U.S. Department of Energy. Winter �2013_45.indd 68 2/10/14 9:32 AM