Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.
Issue link: http://uscgproceedings.epubxp.com/i/205896
From Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning to Marine Planning In this issue of Proceedings magazine, the term "marine planning" refers to a key part of the president's 2010 National Ocean Policy. However, there are other similar terms that have been used in the marine planning community, including coastal and marine spatial planning (CMSP) and marine spatial planning (MSP). Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning In June 2009, President Obama established the Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force. In his memorandum, the president directed the members of the new task force to develop "a recommended framework for efective coastal and marine spatial planning." This emphasis on spatial analysis to support marine planning is timely and a testament to the strides that have been made toward building a community of practice and developing improved, widely available planning tools that support decisions about ocean uses. During the efort to implement the president's directive, terminology underwent some changes to ensure all involved were using a common language. In April 2013, the White House issued a fnal implementation plan that includes the terminology evolution: "Marine planning is a science-based tool that regions can use to address specifc ocean management challenges and advance their economic development and conservation objectives." Since then, the Marine Planning Implementation Subgroup has also adopted the same terminology. However, CMSP remains as the "key" term within the implementation plan appendix to describe one of the nine priority objectives in the task force's fnal recommendations. Spatial Analysis Remains a Vital Part of the Process As described throughout this edition of Proceedings, spatial analysis sheds light on impacts to and opportunities available in the ocean, our coasts, and the Great Lakes, based on the intensity and distribution of human activities and prevalent environmental characteristics of a given area. Coastal and marine spatial planning informs decisions about use of the marine environment, which is used in the broader practice of marine planning. While keeping an emphasis on the application of spatial analysis, we use the term "marine planning" throughout this issue to capture the important complementary processes that can translate the results of spatial planning analysis into sound policy and improved results on the water. For the purposes of this publication, spatial analysis through CMSP, together with robust stakeholder engagement and implementation through adaptive approaches to ocean management, comprise marine planning. What's in a Name? Whether called marine planning or another term, this framework for action facilitates a coordinated, responsive intergovernmental efort and allows all regional coastal and ocean interests to collaborate within that region. 6 Proceedings Fall 2013 www.uscg.mil/proceedings