Proceedings Of The Marine

SPR 2015

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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Page 19 of 102

17 Spring 2015 Proceedings 2 0 1 0 s 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill 2010 F/V E.S.S. Pursuit mustard canister recovery, New Bedford, Massachusetts 2011 T/V Montebello salvage, Monterey, California 2011 Tsunami, Japan 2012 Hurricane Sandy, New York and New Jersey 2012 T/V Jireh grounding, Puerto Rico 2013 U.S.S. Guardian salvage, Philippines 2013 Molasses discharge, Honolulu, Hawaii 2013 Deployable Operations Group devolution, NSF becomes an Atlantic Area unit 2013 Public Information Assist Team transitions to Incident Management Assistance Team 2014 Freshwater Tissue Paper Mill hazmat removal, Samoa, California 2014 Operation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, Department of Defense support that the National Oil and Hazardous Pollution Contingency Plan again be revised. Additionally, the act required that all releases of hazardous substances be reported to state and local emergenc y plan n ing officials. SARA also provided mechanisms for citizens and local governments to access hazardous chemical information from facilities in their communities and mandated local emergency planning committees and local emergency response plans. USCG Response CERCLA a nd SAR A a lso sig n i f ica nt ly increased Coast Guard and EPA OSC respon- sibilities for response to hazardous substances and established a new realm of response for the special forces. USCG policy established the level of hazardous substance response capability within a USCG FOSC's area of responsibility, based on the risk of chemical release and the availability of commercial, state, local, and other federal response capabilities. Follow-on studies showed that USCG marine safety offces were not adequately staffed or funded to maintain their own response equipment; therefore, they were instructed to utilize the strike teams for hazmat entries as necessary. To meet the increased tasking, the National Strike Force procured state-of-the-art chemical response equipment and instituted a rigorous hazardous substance training program for all NSF personnel, as, compared to oil spills, hazardous substance release response requires much more caution, technical expertise, and training. In 1984, the USCG FOSC in Houston, Texas, relied on the NSF when a container full of aluminum phosphide canis- ters on a vessel exploded — flling the cargo hold with toxic fumes. Then in 1985, the USCG captain of the port in San Francisco called upon the Pacifc Strike Team (PST) when a drum containing insecticide was suspected of leaking inside a container on an inbound ship. The PST — the only resource available to board the ship at sea and make an entry into the hazardous material environments — conducted a hazard assessment and stabilized the container. 9 Continuing response coordination efforts, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) issued a fnal rule on June 30, 1993, mandating departments to use the Incident Command System (ICS) for all hazardous materi- als incidents. This was the frst ICS appearance in federal regulation, and it changed the way the NSF did business. USCG units and the National Strike Force adopted ICS, strike team personnel became ICS instructors, and the ICS spread to the rest of the Coast Guard. Workers steam blast rocks soaked in crude oil from the leaking tanker Exxon Valdez. U.S. Coast Guard photo. 2012 Paulsboro train derailment, Paulsboro, New Jersey National Strike Force Signifcant Events

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