Proceedings Of The Marine

SPR 2015

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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33 Spring 2015 Proceedings www.uscg.mil/proceedings Fortunately, the National Strike Force's missions continued unabated. Of course, the fact that marine hazmat and oil spills continued was not fortunate, but as far as national response capability was concerned, it was fortunate that the National Strike Force was mission-ready for the Deepwater Horizon response. Even so, the response's complexity required the Coast Guard to re-evaluate its role as oversight and management, due to the overwhelming public outcry that industry was not doing enough. Response takeaways: The oil spill gear that was developed during OPA 90 was utilized and put to the test, which led to improved oil spill technologies and equipment. It was also apparent that the public expects the U.S. Coast Guard to maintain oil spill equipment in the event a large spill requires government assistance. About the authors: LT Jonathan Cooper is the chief of the National Strike Force Coordination Center's Marine Environmental Preparedness Department. LT Michael Clausen is the Panama City Marine Safety Detachment supervi- sor. He was a federal on-scene coordinator representative at MSU Galveston and a response supervisor at the Gulf Strike team. He is a graduate of Harvard University's extension program in environmental management and is currently working on his doctorate in environmental management from Colorado Technical University. Mr. Richard Gaudiosi is the president of the Delaware Bay and River Coop- erative Inc. He retired from the Coast Guard as a commander, after 23 years of service. He is also a former commanding offcer of the Atlantic Strike Team. next class of sea-going buoy tender — the Juniper class — that incorporated built-in oil spill response gear. Another key element aligned with the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 was the mandate to create a national database of response resources, and thus the Response Resource Inventory (RRI) was born. At the time, industry used a DOS-based computerized data collection tool to submit their resources to the National Strike Force Coordination Center to incorporate into the inventory. The RRI application also included a bulle- tin board system and classifcation module. Federalized vs. Non-Federalized Responses The Response Resource Inventory, specif- cally its classifcation module, accommo- dated the plan holder's needs by vetting response organization's capability, so the plan holder can make the appropriate response organization selection, which was a signifcant step toward shifting the responsibility of oil spill cleanup to the industry or spiller. This put industry in a more primary oil spill cleanup role, with the Coast Guard shifting its role to oversight and man- agement. Further, coupled with the requirements for facility response plans, vessel response plans, and certifcates of fnancial responsibility, this comprised the comprehensive program we know today. Furthermore, shifting the Coast Guard's role to industry oversight and management was a step toward developing partnerships with industry that would revolutionize spill response techniques. The shift, however, did not relieve the Coast Guard of the responsibility to ensure an effec- tive national oil spill response capability. As such, the Coast Guard participates in a partnership action team that includes the Spill Control Association of America (the for- proft spill contractor trade association), and the Association of Petroleum Industry Cooperative Managers (the non-proft spill response trade association). The Coast Guard's Role After the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the public's focus turned to national security and the result was the Maritime Trans- portation Security Act, which (like OPA) mandated that facilities and vessels provide facility security plans (similar to the OPA-mandated facility and vessel response plans). Similarly, the Coast Guard's emphasis also moved toward security checks. Atlantic Strike Team members Petty Offcers Kyle Johnson, James Maida, Eugene Peters, and Steven Weintraub work with the crew of the Coast Guard Cutter Marcus Hannah to launch a vessel of opportunity skimming system. U.S. Coast Guard photo.

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