Proceedings Of The Marine

SPR 2015

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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Page 42 of 102

40 Proceedings Spring 2015 The Special Monitoring of Applied Response Technologies (SMART) guidelines provided the on-scene coordinator (OSC) — the federal offcial charged with coordinating and directing removal actions—with the consistent, real-time, and scientifcally based data necessary to make informed operational decisions. One of the OSC's most critical decisions is determining appropriate response strategies. At its peak, the Deepwa- ter Horizon incident involved more than 48,000 responders assigned to incident command posts throughout the Gulf Coast states. 2 Special Monitoring of Applied Response Technologies Representatives from the U.S. Coast Guard, the Environ- mental Protection Agency, the National Oceanic and Atmo- spheric Administration, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, originally developed the Special Monitor- ing of Applied Response Technologies guidelines in 1997, which have evolved to include advances in dispersant and in-situ burning response methodologies, technologies, and monitoring equipment. The guidelines provide standardized monitoring proce- dures, observer checklists, command and control structures, equipment lists, and training outlines used in preparation for and response to oil spills. Additionally, SMART guide- lines employ common terminology and adhere to Incident Command System principles, to integrate personnel and resources from diverse federal, state, local, and private sec- tor organizations. While the guidelines have historically been utilized dur- ing oil spills, they can be adapted for hazardous substance releases, particularly incidents that require particulate air In the late evening hours of April 20, 2010, the Deepwater Horizon oil rig exploded, killing 11 crew members and set- ting in motion a catastrophic series of events that would result in the worst environmental disaster in U.S. history and one of the largest response organizations ever assem- bled. 1 In this incident, declared the frst-ever spill of national signifcance, responders relied heavily upon applied tech- nologies to combat the crude oil released from the wellhead. The scope and frequency of chemical dispersant applica- tions and in-situ burning operations reached a level never before imagined. The unifed command faced tremendous challenges trying to effectively mitigate the effects of this spill, while ensuring response personnel safety. SMART Monitoring Protocol The on-scene coordinator's tool for success. by L t FrAnK KuleSA Program Manager U.S. Coast Guard Offce of Marine Environmental Response Policy MASter cHieF MArine Science tecHniciAn AndreW JAeger U.S. Coast Guard Sector Northern New England Oil Spill Response Coast Guard Marine Science Technician Chief Stephan Brown observes an in-situ burn operation during Deepwater Horizon response. U.S. Coast Guard photo by Chief Petty Offcer Robert Schrader.

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