Proceedings Of The Marine

SPR 2015

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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43 Spring 2015 Proceedings www.uscg.mil/proceedings Preparing for the Next Deepwater Horizon The whole-of-government response to this event was ultimately successful. Nonetheless, the incident stressed the National Response System to levels never before seen. It is imperative that individual lessons observed during Deepwater Horizon become organizational lessons learned to ensure the oil spill response community is collectively prepared for the next spill of national signifcance. Recommendations include: • Planning: Responders should evaluate regional and area contingency plans for accuracy and adequacy, placing specifc emphasis on devel- oping or updating geographic response plans and dispersant/in-situ burning preauthoriza- tions. • Training: OSCs should engage the National Strike Force, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration scientific support coordinators, and industry partners to conduct joint training on all aspects of dispersant and in-situ burning operations. • Exercises: OSCs should partner with industry and spill management teams to develop area and industry exercises with objectives and scenarios that incorpo- rate applied response technologies to thoroughly test regional contingency plans, area contingency plans, preauthorization plans, and equipment deployment procedures. • Consultation: On-scene coordinators should continu- ously engage with their respective trustees and manag- ers during area committee meetings and consult with them to develop response operation preauthorization plans. • Resource capabilities: OSCs should evaluate and account for response equipment resources within their area of responsibility, particularly those resources needed for dispersant applications and in-situ burning. Specifcally, the on-scene coordinator should examine area contingency plan capabilities, limitations, and operating parameters. The magnitude and challenges of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill sparked a renewed interest in applied response tech- nologies and reinvigorated research and development and policy initiatives. Additionally, domestic oil production growth has increased the risk of major oil spills, which may increase the demand for dispersants and in-situ burning during future incidents. Fortunately, with advanced planning, training, and consul- tation, utilizing dispersants and in-situ burning will remain viable methods to combat oil spills. About the authors: LT Frank Kulesa is a program manager in the U.S. Coast Guard Offce of Marine Environmental Response Policy. His previous assignments include Incident Management Division chief at Coast Guard Sector San Juan and response offcer at the National Strike Force Atlantic Strike Team. Master Chief Jaeger is the reserve command master chief at Coast Guard Sec- tor Northern New England, with 24 years of service. His previous assign- ments include response supervisor at the Atlantic and Gulf Strike Teams. He has 15 years of experience as a frefghter for the city of Oshkosh, Wiscon- sin, and as a state fre service instructor specializing in hazardous materials response. Endnotes: 1. BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Incident Specifc Preparedness Review (ISPR), Final Report, 2011. 2. Ibid. 3. SMART protocol follows the NRT recommendation of a time-weighted average of 150 micrograms of particles with a diameter of 10 micrometers or less (PM-10) per cubic meter of air. 4. BP ISPR. Bibliography: An FOSC's Guide to NOAA Scientifc Support. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 2007. Special Monitoring of Applied Response Technologies. Developed by the U.S. Coast Guard, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Minerals Manage- ment Service, 2006. Available at http://docs.lib.noaa.gov/noaa_documents/648_ SMART.pdf. Modernization of Special Monitoring of Applied Response Technologies (SMART) Technol- ogy and Methods. R&DC UDI#1478. New London, CT: U. S. Coast Guard Research and Development Center, 2014. Environmental Monitoring for Atypical Dispersant Operations. National Response Team, 2013. Available at www.nrt.org. Petroleum & Other Liquids. U. S. Energy Information Administration, August 2014. Available at www.eia.gov/petroleum. The crew of a Basler BT-67 fxed-wing aircraft applies dispersants to an oil slick during the Deepwater Horizon response. U.S. Coast Guard photo by Petty Offcer Stephen Lehmann.

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