Proceedings Of The Marine

SPR 2015

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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Page 54 of 102

52 Proceedings Spring 2015 in some cases, transporters heat rail cars until the product reaches a temperature at which it can be effciently pumped. Conversely, oil from the North Dakota shale formation is typically more like gasoline — low viscosity, high volatil- ity, high fammability and similar benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene, xylene (BTEX) levels. Texas shale oil has similar physical properties and hazards, with the additional hazard of ignition potential through static discharge. As this oil production continues to rise and more producers identify formations through further exploration, pollution incidents involving these products may increase and con- sequently pose threats to responders and the environment. Therefore, area committees and response organizations need to be aware of the products that move through their areas of responsibility. Pay Attention to Details For example, companies generate safety data sheets (SDSs) for the crude oil they are transporting or refining, and responders should pay particular attention to SDS values. As oil formations can vary greatly from one geographic location to the next, companies may also use generalized SDS for their products and may not be required to analyze the physical characteristics for each shipment of crude oil they are transporting. Thus, physical proper- ties within each load may vary and pose their own unique hazards. Responders must treat each response uniquely and carefully review the product's SDS. On numerous incidents involving these non- traditional oils, responders have observed vari- ous specifc hazards. For example, producers may use natural gas condensate to dilute Cana- dian oil sands. Natural gas condensate may North American crude petroleum production has rapidly risen the past several years, as a result of nontraditional drilling techniques used to access formations in Canada, North Dakota, Texas, Colorado, Florida, and Pennsylvania. This petroleum production growth has outpaced the nation's current fxed infrastructure and pipeline carrying capac- ity. As a result, producers are using rail cars, tanker trucks, and barges to move these crude products to coastal refn- eries and distilleries. Areas seeing signifcant increases in commerce and maritime traffc include the Columbia River system, the Hudson River, and the Mississippi River and associated navigable waterways. Transport Challenges Unlike traditional crude oil reserves, these formations pro- duce petroleum with varying physical properties and haz- ards. For example, Canadian oil sands are so viscous that producers add petroleum diluents for easier transport; and, An Energy Renaissance New fuel transport methods bring potential new risk. by L t AAron JozSeF Chemical Offcer Gulf Strike Team Oil Spill Response Assessment crews conduct a post-incident river survey. U.S. Coast Guard photo by Petty Offcer Mariana O'Leary.

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