Proceedings Of The Marine

SPR 2015

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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81 Spring 2015 Proceedings www.uscg.mil/proceedings will not be mounted. There have been situations where a physical response could not be supported, we still rendered technical advice and offered strategic and tactical response options by telephone or email. About the author: CDR Kevin Lynn has served in the U.S. Coast Guard for 17 years. His expe- rience was derived from assignments in the Port Operations and Response departments of Coast Guard units. Endnotes: 1. Available at https://www.uscg.mil/npfc. 2. International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness. Response and Co-operation (OPRC), International Maritime Organization, 2014. Retrieved from www.imo. org/About/Conventions/ListOfConventions/Pages/International-Convention- on-Oil-Pollution-Preparedness,-Response-and-Co-operation-(OPRC).aspx on 21 JUL 2014. 3. Ibid. 4. About the Cartagena Convention. 2014 Caribbean Environment Programme, retrieved from www.cep.unep.org/cartagena-convention. a less-than-desirable situation, responders estab- lish two unifed command structures, but do not employ liaisons teams. So it's possible that each incident management structure is directing the responsible party to take contradictory actions. However, if there is a strong linkage between the two unifed commands, early discussions could, for example, yield a proposal for the nation where the incident occurred to focus on source control, open water recovery, and coastal protection and recov- ery, while the other nation focuses on open water response actions. Requesting Support So how can the National Strike Force help? Fortu- nately, we have exercised protocols for handling responses to requests for international assistance for large- and small-scale incidents. While docu- ments such as bilateral agreements and the WCR MTOP provide specifc procedures, the process is fairly straightforward. To request U.S. assistance, foreign government representatives typically transmit a diplomatic note through the U.S. embassy. Once the request is submitted, personnel transmit it to the State Department, which will, in turn, contact Coast Guard headquarters. From there, internal processes identify available resources. Assuming the appropriate resources are available, personnel must also identify funding, which is usually the burden of the requesting country. Finally, we send correspondence back to the requesting country through diplomatic channels and mobilize resources. While this is the basic process, unique circumstances may infu- ence how each individual case is prosecuted. As a parting note, if it is determined that no threat exists to U.S. interests, this does not necessarily mean that a response U.S. Coast Guard Chief Bridgette Brown, a marine science technician with the Coast Guard Atlantic Strike Team, assesses pier damage outside Port-au-Prince, Haiti. U.S. Coast Guard photo by Petty Offcer Brandon Blackwell.

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