Proceedings Of The Marine

SPR 2015

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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Page 85 of 102

83 Spring 2015 Proceedings response, and recovery. In 2014, FEMA published federal interagency operational plans that support each framework. These documents establish strong congressional and presi- dential expectations that the federal government will lead a well-coordinated, effective interagency response with state, local, tribal, and territorial governments to effect the best outcome. In many regards, the Coast Guard is well prepared to meet these increased expectations, as the Coast Guard regu- larly works closely with federal, state, local, territorial and tribal partners; non-governmental agencies; and the private sector to carry out coordinated responses to myriad events and disasters. The service's feld units have a long-established history of coordinating activities with regional and local stakeholders through harbor safety committees, area committees, and area maritime secu- rity committees, which fosters the critical relationships needed for successfully responding to incidents and crises, while meeting the high public expectations. In addition, in June 2014, Coast Guard Commandant Admiral Paul Zukunft released Coast Guard Publica- tion 3-28, Incident Management and Crisis Response. Response Preparation Responding to an incident requires tactical operations as well as effectively communicating with the public, media, and senior governmental leaders. Moreover, operational commanders must develop plans, train per- sonnel, and improve profciency through preparedness activities to ensure they are always ready to respond. The Preparedness Cycle ✔ Plan: Create and maintain contingency plans in association with local, state, regional, national, international, and tribal stakeholders. ✔ Organize and equip: Identify the personnel and resources necessary for a successful response. This includes pre-iden- tifying required competencies and skill sets, depending on the incident. Equipping means acquiring the equipment needed for response operations and coordination. ✔ Train: Ensure personnel are provided appropriate training for fulltime and collateral duties. Incident management requires training in the Incident Command System, crisis management, and leadership. Personnel must also have training to ensure the technical profciency required for their assigned duties. ✔ Exercise: Units at all levels of the Coast Guard conduct real- istic interagency, joint, and internal exercises to validate plans, identify gaps, and develop improvements. ✔ Evaluation and Improvement: Evaluating incident responses and exercises helps the Coast Guard identify best practices, gaps in policy, and opportunities for improve- ment. After-action reports recognize best practices and lessons learned from past responses to improve future response. Coast Guard incident-specific preparedness reports also give valuable insight into previous challenges. The after-action information and lessons learned system database holds best practices, trends, and information that can improve contingency plan development. Incident and event correlation. U.S. Coast Guard graphic by CDR Marty Sarch. The preparedness cycle. U.S. Coast Guard graphic by CDR Marty Sarch.

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