Proceedings Of The Marine

SPR 2015

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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84 Proceedings Spring 2015 environment, seizing the narrative, building consensus, using the whole team, and planning transitions are all part of crisis leadership that go with an effective, well- executed tactical response. ► Preparedness: Like preparing a cutter for sea or a helicopter for flight, preparing for a crisis is diffi- cult and requires constant attention. Preparedness is not a static state; only by following the preparedness cycle — plan, organize/equip, train, exercise, and evalu- ate/improve — can an organization achieve continual improvement in response capabilities. Response to any emergent incident is a complex challenge requiring trained, experienced, highly capable personnel, dedicated resources, and exceptional plans. The Coast Guard motto "Semper Paratus" describes a com- mitment to preparedness and a continuous investment in preparedness activities that ensures our future readiness to meet unexpected challenges. About the authors: CAPT Joseph Gleason is the chief of the Offce of Contingency Preparedness and Exercise Policy at Coast Guard headquarters. He holds four advanced Incident Command System certifcations, including Type 1 planning section chief, Type 1 operations section chief, Type 1 liaison offcer, and Type 2 inci- dent commander. A career response offcer ashore, his previous assignments include acting director of Contingency Planning and Incident Management Division at the DHS Offce of Infrastructure Protection, commanding off- cer of Marine Safety Unit Cleveland, and exercise offcer for the Deployable Operations Group. CAPT Gleason holds a master's degree in public admin- istration and is a master exercise practitioner. CDR Jason Gunning is the chief of Prevention at Sector Long Island Sound. Previously, he was the acting division chief of the Incident Management and Cross Contingency Division. He was also the executive offcer of Marine Safety Unit Lake Charles and a marine inspector at Activities Europe and Marine Safety Offce Houston-Galveston. CDR Gunning holds a master's degree in public policy from Texas A&M University. Publication 3-28 can help crisis managers, but it is not a "how to" guide. It discusses the breadth of Coast Guard respon- sibility, roles, capability, and authority to respond, and the primary considerations for leading an effective response to any incident. It also captures lessons learned and leader- ship principles of incident management into a service-wide doctrinal level document. Key Publication 3-28 concepts include: ► Leaning forward: Collectively, this means establishing an assertive response posture in advance of an incident, if possible, or early in the response. Leaning forward includes deploying liaisons, engaging community lead- ers, and the public early with outreach, standing up an incident command post, and requesting resources. ► Surge forces: Units should be ready for an incident that requires somewhere between 50 to 200 responders and may potentially last multiple operational periods. The local unit must handle the initial brunt of a larger incident, but the Coast Guard must be ready to shift resources to support local needs. ► Bench strength: Response is not limited to sector or even district staff. The bench strength for any incident is the entire Coast Guard, such as was seen during Deep- water Horizon. Deployable specialized forces such as the Coast Guard Incident Management Assistance Team, the National Strike Force, maritime safety and security teams, dive lockers, and other deployable support ele- ments all stand ready to assist feld units and opera- tional commanders when disaster strikes. ► Crisis leadership: Even if the tactical response is well executed, poor "event" management can have a real impact on tactical actions. Different levels of the orga- nization may need to respond in different capacities to different aspects of the response. Understanding the

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