Proceedings Of The Marine

SPR 2015

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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Page 90 of 102

Searchable Lessons Learned Using Contingency Preparedness System (CPS) search features, the Coast Guard Ofce of Contingency Preparedness and Exer- cise Policy has developed lessons learned extracts to inform operational commanders and decision makers of the lessons learned from similar events. These extracts serve not only to inform the emerging response operations, but are a reminder to document the lessons of the emerging event and further enrich the Coast Guard preparedness knowledge base. CPS enhanced search features also allow users across the Coast Guard to easily search and retrieve information from the lessons learned and remedial action experiences of other units to inform contingency plan development and guide responses to emerging contingency operations. Additionally, Coast Guard leaders have tapped dedicated Coast Guard collection teams to gather and develop lessons learned and recommended improvements during, and in the imme- diate aftermath, of major contingency events. For example, FORCECOM exercise support team assets were redirected from exercise planning and evaluation activities to gather lessons learned in the Deepwater Horizon and Hurricane Sandy responses. Since the dedicated personnel were able to assemble lessons learned from the Hurricane Sandy response during the response, Coast Guard participants were especially active on the National Security Staf-led Sandy after-action review team that developed the federal interagency after- action report for the response to Hurricane Sandy. Consequently, PREP exercise lessons learned and recom- mendations for improvement are captured in after-action reports and catalogued in the Coast Guard Contingency Preparedness System. Contingency Preparedness Improvement Coast Guard policy requires that personnel complete an after-action report for all incident responses that are regional or national in scale, or any incident that the operational com- mander deems appropriate. The Coast Guard also has pro- cesses in place for the external review of a pollution incident, called an incident-specifc preparedness review or ISPR. 88 Proceedings Spring 2014 A Coast Guard aviation survival technician instructs students on how to properly enter a rescue basket, incorporating lessons learned. U.S. Coast Guard photo by Petty Offcer Ryan Tippets. continued on page 90 The term "lessons learned" is often used to describe the belief that a unit, organization, or industry sector will take advantage of the learning opportunity presented by the sequence of events leading up to a casualty and/or the response to that incident to improve prevention, prepared- ness, and response for future events. "Lessons learned" requires that personnel develop and uti- lize three key elements: • processes and procedures that provide the framework for exercise and post-incident assessments and reports that inform response plan development; • processes and procedures that assign the responsibility for corrective actions identifed in the post-casualty and exercise reports and for follow-up to ensure the correc- tive actions are accomplished; • an information management system that enables users to store and retrieve the lessons-related material, facili- tates corrective action management and oversight, and supports long-term analysis to identify trends or recur- ring problems. The Preparedness for Response Exercise Program Within the marine environmental response mission, the national Preparedness for Response Exercise Program (PREP) provides a mechanism for the oil industry and gov- ernment responders to jointly prepare for response through continual response system improvement. Exercises are critical to maintaining and improving pre- paredness in this mission area, even as preventing pollu- tion incidents is an underlying goal for all entities involved.

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