Proceedings Of The Marine

SPR 2015

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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89 Spring 2015 Proceedings www.uscg.mil/proceedings The Deepwater Horizon (DWH) incident produced a plethora of lessons learned — far surpassing any service analysis to date in post-incident corrective actions. And, unlike most Coast Guard contingency responses, the Coast Guard DWH after-action report was far from the only document that provided improve- ment recommendations. Separating the Wheat From the Chaff Seven independent groups published reports; collectively yielding approximately 550 individual recommendations. To ensure the service focused its limited resources to execute the most meaningful improvements, USCG leadership involved senior marine environmental response program representatives and professionals from other disciplines to group and prioritize the recommendations. Coast Guard personnel then consolidated, prioritized, and implemented the most valuable lessons. Marine environmental response program-specifc issues were grouped into "people, policy, and equipment " actions. Additionally, the deputy commandants of Operations and Mission Support formed fve thematic initiative teams to address identifed overall Coast Guard strategic improvement areas: • incident management, • information management, • strategic communication, • mission support, • institutionalizing lessons learned. These teams reported their progress regularly and concluded their work in summer 2014. Ongoing Improvement Other post-DWH key improvements include: • Hiring a senior executive incident management and preparedness director to provide leadership within the Coast Guard across this enterprise. • Hiring senior civilian incident management and prepared- ness advisors to serve in key advisory roles to district commanders and provide consistent leadership at the regional response teams and within the Federal Emer- gency Management Agency regional interagency steering committees. • Standing up the Coast Guard Incident Management Assistance Team, a rapidly deployable, scalable resource designed to support response operations across the full spectrum of Coast Guard contingencies. • Revising the Incident Management Handbook to capture incident management-related lessons. • Updated area contingency plan job aid guidance, focused on ensuring proper planning for worst-case discharge risks. • Updating spill of national significance (SONS) response management policy and training and exercise programs to A mobile offshore drilling unit holds position directly over the damaged Deepwater Horizon blowout preventer as a drillship burns gas brought to the surface through a tube placed into the ruptured drill pipe. U.S. Coast Guard photo by Petty Offcer Patrick Kelley. Deepwater Horizon's Legacy incorporate lessons on appropriate involvement of leader- ship in a SONS event. • Completing an oil and chemical incident annex to the Federal Interagency Operational Plans for the National Response and National Recovery Frameworks that explicitly addresses the relationship between the National Response Framework and National Contingency Plans and how they apply in a range of situations. • National Response Team guidance on atypical dispersant operations, including subsea and prolonged dispersant application information. • A Coast Guard and Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement response group continues to enhance the interaction between industry oil spill response plans and the Coast Guard's role as FOSC, as well as other issues at the interface of the industry regulator and government response director. • Personnel have prototyped a real-time information sharing system—the Next Generation Incident Command System— to integrate information from the feld, other governmental agencies, and the responsible party into a real-time common operating picture. • The Coast Guard External Affairs Manual details imple- menting surge-capable Coast Guard area commander crisis communication teams and headquarters governance of the external communication organization during a signifcant incident. Additionally, the Public Information Assist Team was transferred to the CG-IMAT and will continue to serve as a training team and a deployable asset for incident and area commanders. • The lessons learned collection team was developed as an element of the Coast Guard incident management structure, which reinforces using a dedicated lessons learned collec- tion team in large, complex, and/or lengthy contingency operations.

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