Proceedings Of The Marine

SUM 2015

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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31 Summer 2015 Proceedings these standards. When new systems are deployed, there will undoubtedly be availability standards set for these as well. Outreach and Training Further, the Coast Guard, the National Oceanic and Atmo- spheric Administration, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engi- neers have hosted listening sessions around the country with stakeholders, including the recreational boating com- munity. Useful as these sessions have been, there is a con- tinuing need for outreach. If eATONs are to be deployed widely, professional mari- ners and recreational boaters will need to be trained in their interpretation and use. It is also important to get the program's timing right. A measured deployment schedule permits more time to develop relevant experience in testing and operating these systems. "Our goal is to continue to support waterway users by making available accurate and timely information, and improving its reliability, while providing appropriate redundancy across our navigation safety systems for the broad range of recreational and commercial users." —U.S. Coast Guard Rear Admiral Joseph Servidio The Way Forward It is useful to think about the way forward in e-Navigation as a voyage. We know where we are at present (taking depar- ture), but need to fgure out the appropriate route, timing, and the ultimate destination (mix of visual and electronic aids). Simply put, how do we get from here to there, and how much time should we allow for the trip? Some of us may have nostalgia for RDF, Loran-A, Decca, Transit, Inertial Navigation Systems, or Omega, 7 but very few of us would be willing to swap our GPS receivers for any of these. There may be some shoals to avoid in charting the right course, but there is clearly a prize at the end of the voyage. About the author: L. Daniel Maxim, Ph.D., is a public member of the National Boating Safety Advisory Council. He is also an active member of the U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary, having held such positions as the assistant national commodore of recreational boating. He is president of Everest Consulting Associates, a frm that does research in environmental, health, and safety issues and is the author of more than 200 articles and books on various subjects, including the Coast Guard's Loran-C Handbook and NOAA's Chart User's Manual. Endnotes: 1. Physical Oceanographic Real-Time System (PORTS) is a decision support tool that provides real-time oceanographic data (e.g., tides, currents, and winds) and other navigation products to promote safe and effcient navigation within U.S. waters. 2. See as-a-Virtual-Aid-to-Navigation-ATON. 3. Available at 4. See 5. U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffc Safety Administra- tion (2013). Traffc Safety Facts, Distracted Driving, 2011, Washington, D.C. Olson, R.L., Hanowski, R. J., Hickman, J. S., and Bocanegra, J., (2009). Driver distrac- tion in commercial vehicle operations. U. S. Department of Transportation, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. National Transportation Safety Board (2013). Crash Following Loss of Engine Power Due to Fuel Exhaustion Air Methods Corporation Eurocopter AS350 B2, N352LN Near Mosby, Missouri August 26, 2011. Accident Report NTSB/AAR-13/02, Washington, D.C. National Transportation Safety Board (2010). Collision of Metrolink Train 111 with Union Pacifc Train LOF65-12, Chatsworth, California, Sept. 12, 2008. Accident Report NTSB/RAR-10/01, Washington, D.C. National Transportation Safety Board (2011). Collision of Tugboat/Barge Caribbean Sea/The Resource with Amphibious Passenger Vehicle DUKW 34, Philadelphia, Pennsyl- vania, July 7, 2010. Accident Report NTSB/MAR-11/02, Washington, D.C. 6. See lines+to+Minimize+In-Vehicle+Distractions. 7. Groves, P. D., (2008). Principles of GNSS, Inertial, and Multi-sensor Integrated Navigation Systems On-Line Appendix C, Historical Navigation Systems. Virtual buoys may present challenges to many recreational boaters, espe- cially on craft without sophisticated electronic navigational equipment. U.S. Coast Guard photo.

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