Proceedings Of The Marine

SUM 2015

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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52 Proceedings Summer 2015 The necessity for a navigator to turn his or her attention away from the view outside the bridge windows, even if only momentarily, is a major disadvantage of nearly every marine electronic navigation device since radar. An untimely focus on standard navigation displays can have disastrous consequences in challenging environments with low visibility, heavy traffc, or confned navigational space. Mariners today are particularly susceptible to becoming fx- ated on integrated systems that combine electronic charts, radar images, and Automated Identifcation System (AIS) targets into one comprehensive but potentially confusing display. Notwithstanding the importance of this naviga- tional information, the way in which such sensor informa- tion is currently being provided could be improved, as elec- tronic chart display and information systems (ECDIS) are not universally accepted. The most commonly heard ECDIS complaints range from its excessive complexity, to its lack of standardization among manufacturers, to its siren-like ability to lure unwary mari- ners into a false sense of security. There have been sugges- tions recently to mitigate some of these problems, but the loss of situational awareness is a problem that persists. The Case for the Maritime Head-Up Display Interest in providing advanced navigational displays to enhance bridge watchstander effectiveness and navigational safety began with "ship of the future" displays in the 1980s and 1990s, followed by advanced navigational displays modeled on aircraft cockpit displays. These efforts paral- leled projects to develop ECDIS displays and data formats and portable pilot units. Augmented Reality Navigation Displays Maintaining situational awareness in the e-Navigation era. by CAptAin SAMuel r. peCotA Director of Simulation Distinguished Professor, Marine Transportation Relief Master TS Golden Bear California Maritime Academy MArthA GrABoWSKi, ph.d. Distinguished McDevitt Professor in Information Systems Professor, Director, Information Systems Program Le Moyne College and Research Professor Department of Industrial & Systems Engineering Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute eriC holder, ph.d. Human Factors Scientist Fraunhofer Institute for Communication, Information Processing and Ergonomics Technology This aviation heads-up display shows many of the aircraft functions includ- ing altitude, speed, and level to help pilots keep their eyes on the environ- ment. U.S. Marine Corps photo by Lance Cpl. Cory D. Polom.

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