Proceedings Of The Marine

SPR 2016

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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10 Proceedings Spring 2016 Garbage from Ships, plastics may never be discarded over- board, and in special areas such as the Western Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico, very little other than food waste may be disposed of at sea. Without a good safety management system and manage- ment plan, vessel operators face the possibility of fnes or detention. However, with a good SMS with logs and proper documentation, port state control offcers, ship manage- ment, and persons on shore can quickly determine compli- ance and ensure that illegal waste does not end up in the sea. New Fuel Requirements New requirements under MARPOL Annex VI, Prevention of Air Pollution from Ships, have gone into effect, lowering the allowed content of sulfur in fuel oil in the North Ameri- can emission control area from 1 percent to 0.10 percent. While this new requirement will help improve air quality, particularly in areas along the coast, it has prompted addi- tional areas of concern resulting from ship owners changing fuels and/or installing systems such as exhaust gas scrub- bers to remove sulfur. Changing fuels can cause problems if not done correctly. The compliant fuel burns at a lower temperature and differ- ent pressure than heavy fuel oil. Following the changeover, some vessels experienced leaks, requiring the crew to either switch back to the heavy fuel oil or make repairs and modi- fcations to the fuel system's piping. Vessel operators can avoid such issues and better comply with new requirements without incident by properly implementing pre-established changeover procedures. When adding new technology, such as exhaust gas scrub- bers, operators should concurrently realize the need for additional safety management system procedures to prop- erly operate, maintain, and report any system nonconfor- mities. As new technology and systems are incorporated, vessel operators must update their procedures to address such developments. About the author: LCDR Lendvay has served in the Coast Guard for 17 years as a marine inspector and marine investigator. He is currently the port state control com- pliance manager in the Offce of Vessel Compliance and has spent much of his career ensuring compliance with environmental laws and treaties. Endnote: 1. U.S. Coast Guard Port State Control Annual Report 2014. good SMS that requires training and familiarization in these areas increases overall effciency by greatly reducing the ship's environmental pollution potential and reducing costs associated with paying for unnecessary waste disposal. This is particularly important due to the limited space onboard vessels and the need to retain much of the gar- bage. Under MARPOL Annex V, Prevention of Pollution by Detentions Last year the U.S. Coast Guard issued 143 International Maritime Organization detentions. 1 The top three areas for detainable defciencies were: • International Safety Management (ISM) Code defcien- cies, • International Convention for the Prevention of Pollu- tion from Ships (MARPOL) Annex I violations, and • frefghting appliance defciencies. Of these detentions, 21 percent involved safety manage- ment, 17 percent were for MARPOL issues, and 17 percent were in regards to frefghting appliance defciencies. In most cases with ISM, it was clear that the master and crew were either not familiar with ISM requirements or failed altogether to properly conduct required ship equipment maintenance in accordance with their safety management system procedures. With regard to MARPOL defciencies, we continue to fnd vessel crews who attempt to bypass their oily water sepa- rators and discharge oily waste directly overboard. Other crews failed to conduct proper maintenance or didn't know how to operate equipment properly. Firefighting deficiencies can be caused by poor equip- ment and also by not following safety management system procedures. One example we see too frequently is the intentional disabling of automatic water-based fxed frefghting systems. Endnote: 1. U.S. Coast Guard Port State Control Annual Report 2014.

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