Proceedings Of The Marine

FAL 2012

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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A Catastrophic Allision is Moments Away Using Simulators for Forensic Cases ,Q VRPH LQVWDQFHV VXFK DV LQ KLJK SURÀOH PDULQH FDVXDOW\ FDVHV LW PD\ EH QHFHVVDU\ WR FRQVLGHU XVLQJ D VLPXODWRU DV D IRUHQVLF WRRO 6LPXODWRUV FDQ DLG LQYHVWLJDWRUV LQ GHWHUPLQLQJ FHUWDLQ IDFWRUV VXFK DV KRZ WKH YDULRXV YHVVHOV PD\ KDYH LQWHUDFWHG ZLWK RQH DQRWKHU LQ WKH HYHQWV OHDGLQJ XS WR WKH FDVXDOW\ /7 &KULV -RQHV LQYHVWLJDWLQJ RI¿FHU 86&* 6HFWRU +RXVWRQ Galveston, is in the simulator wheelhouse in a tense port-to-port meeting situation with a container ship in a busy and congested ZDWHUZD\ 3KRWRV FRXUWHV\ RI 0U 0DWWKHZ +\QHU 6&,¶V &HQWHU IRU 0DULWLPH (GXFDWLRQ LQ +RXVWRQ 7H[DV LT Chris Jones, marine casualty investigating officer at Sector Houston-Galveston, has never touched the tiller arms of a towboat. Now, LT Jones grimly grips those steering controls as he maneuvers the 20-barge tow in heavy down-bound current. As he prepares to "flank" a bridge in New Orleans (a tricky maneuver, using the river current and the maneuvering character- istics of the heavy tow to steer), he will have to meet a speeding container ship head on before reaching that bridge. Judging by the look of intense concentration on his face, things do not look good. A horrendous and cata- strophic allision with the bridge pier could be moments away, with this "rookie" at the helm. Luckily, this all took place inside a simulator at the Center for Marine Education, Seamen's Church Institute (SCI) in Houston, Texas. The center is ideally located at the Port of Houston and comprises four independent simu- lators that can be 28 interlinked to provide an ideal training environment. In one year, investigating officers from throughout the USCG Eighth District were given the unique opportunity to participate in realistic training on America's western rivers at SCI facilities in Houston, Texas, and Paducah, Ky. Working with the staff at SCI, Mr. Tim Farley, division chief of the USCG Investigations Division, created a week-long course that would allow the trainers to put the investigators through a series of unique challenges. Using sophisticated simulation, the investigators navigated through bridges as well as in congested waterways, unusual hydrology, and congested marine traffic situations. 6RPH PDULQH FDVXDOW\ LQYHVWLJDWRUV GHYHORS D WLPH- OLQH IROORZLQJ WKHLU LQLWLDO LQYHVWLJDWLRQ WR YHULI\ DQG DQDO\]H VWDWHPHQWV IURP LQWHUYLHZV WR GHWHU- PLQH D OLNHO\ VHTXHQFH RI HYHQWV 7KLV PHWKRG FDQ KHOS FODULI\ FRPSOLFDWHG LQIRUPDWLRQ IURP PXOWL- SOH VRXUFHV ,Q DGGLWLRQ HOHFWURQLF GDWD ³ VXFK DV FRPPXQLFDWLRQV WDSHV RU YR\DJH GDWD UHFRUGLQJ DXGLR ³ ZKHQ FRXSOHG ZLWK VLPXODWLRQ FDQ FODULI\ WKH FDVXDOW\ HYHQWV FRQGLWLRQV DQG LQGLYLGXDO DFWLRQV EHIRUH GXULQJ RU DIWHU D PDULQH FDVXDOW\ 1RUPDOO\ LQYHVWLJDWRUV GR QRW KDYH WKH OX[XU\ RI XVLQJ WKH YHVVHOV LQYROYHG LQ D PDULQH FDVXDOW\ WR UHSOD\ WKH HYHQWV OHDGLQJ XS WR D FDVXDOW\ 8VXDOO\ WKH\ DUH IDU DW VHD RU LQ VKLS\DUGV IRU UHSDLU 8QGHU WKHVH FLUFXPVWDQFHV VLPXODWRUV FDQ JLYH DQ LQYHV- WLJDWRU DQ LGHD RI WKH G\QDPLF IRUFHV LQ SOD\ Using Simulators for Instant Replays 7KH LQYHVWLJDWLRQV WHDP DW 86&* 6HFWRU +RXVWRQ *DOYHVWRQ LV XVLQJ VLPXODWLRQ WR KHOS LQ WKH LQYHV- WLJDWLRQ RI D KLJK SURÀOH FROOLVLRQ WKDW RFFXUUHG LQ RQH RI WKHLU PDMRU ZDWHUZD\V $FFRUGLQJ WR 0U 6WHYH 6WRNHO\ FKLHI RI WKH 6HFWRU ,QYHVWLJDWLRQV 'LYLVLRQ &RDVW *XDUG (LJKWK 'LVWULFW 3UHYHQWLRQ KDV FRQWUDFWHG DQG IXQGHG 6&, +RXVWRQ WR SUR- YLGH VLPXODWLRQ PRGHOLQJ IRU WKH YHVVHOV LQYROYHG DV ZHOO DV WKH ZDWHUZD\ DW WKH FROOLVLRQ ORFDWLRQ :KHQ WKLV PRGHOLQJ LV FRPSOHWH WKH LQYHVWLJDWRU FDQ VWDQG RQ WKH EULGJH RI RQH YHVVHO DQG KDYH WKH EHQHÀW RI ´LQVWDQW UHSOD\Vµ RI WKH HYHQWV OHDGLQJ XS to the collision. Simulators as Waterway Management Tools 6KLS VLPXODWRUV FDQ DOVR EH XVHG DV ZDWHUZD\ PDQ- DJHPHQW WRROV )RU H[DPSOH WKH\ FDQ KHOS GHWHU- PLQH ZKHWKHU D YHVVHO FDQ WUDQVLW VDIHO\ WKURXJK D SDUWLFXODU ZDWHUZD\ From left, LT Jones and instructor Captain Stephen Polk of the Seamen's Church Institute in Houston critique a maneuvering situation on a critical point on the waterway. $GGLWLRQDOO\ WKH &RDVW *XDUG·V YHVVHO WUDIÀF VHUYLFH FRPPXQLW\ XVHV VLPXODWLRQ DV WKH EDVLV RI WUDLQLQJ DW WKH 1DWLRQDO &HUWLÀFDWLRQ &RXUVH DW WKH 0DUL- WLPH ,QVWLWXWH RI 7UDLQLQJ DQG *UDGXDWH 6WXGLHV LQ 0DU\ODQG 7KH YHVVHO WUDIÀF VHUYLFH ZDWFKVWDQG- HUV XVH WKH VLPXODWLRQ WR XQGHUVWDQG WKH HOHPHQWV Proceedings Fall 2012 www.uscg.mil/proceedings

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