Proceedings Of The Marine

FAL 2012

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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Some vessels were lost suddenly, often in severe weather conditions. Such incidents occurred too quickly for use of lifesaving equipment, or crew- members were trapped in the vessel. Analysis of the vessel-related casualties also provided some indicators of the effectiveness of current lifesav- ing regulations: • )RU LQFLGHQWV LQ WKH FROGHU ZDWHUV RI WKH 8 6 :HVW and Northeast coasts, survival rates more than doubled when the required lifesaving equipment was available and was used properly. • 7KH LQFLGHQW UHSRUWV FRQILUPHG WKDW HYHQ LQ warmer waters, the use of lifesaving equipment is essential. In nearly half of the warm water fatali- ties, crewmembers entered the water without life- saving equipment and died from either drowning or hypothermia. Conversely, most survivors were UHFRYHUHG LQ HLWKHU D SHUVRQDO ÁRWDWLRQ GHYLFH RU a life raft. • &RDVW *XDUG SHUVRQQHO FRQGXFW YROXQWDU\ GRFN- side examinations of fishing vessels to check for compliance with the current safety require- ments. Vessels meeting all requirements are issued decals. Of the 564 vessel-related fatalities, 73 percent occurred on vessels with no decal or with a decal more than two years old (expired). This is an indication that safety equipment and the increased awareness gained through USCG interaction with crewmembers can save lives. However, it is estimated that less than 10 percent RI WKH ÀVKLQJ ÁHHW KDV VXFFHVVIXOO\ FRPSOHWHG D dockside exam. • 7ZR LQFLGHQWV UHYHDOHG WKH LPSRUWDQFH RI WUDLQ- ing when crewmembers died because they did not know the proper procedures to deploy a life raft. • :KHQ ÀVKLQJ YHVVHOV ZHUH ORVW *RRG 6DPDULWDQ vessels were on hand to rescue crewmembers in more than 29 percent of the incidents. There were very few fatalities during such incidents and, when fatalities did occur, the vessels were lost TXLFNO\ GXH WR ÁRRGLQJ FDSVL]LQJ FROOLVLRQ RU ÀUH Falls overboard resulted in the second largest number of fatalities, with 24 percent of the total (251 of 1,055). Personal flotation device/survival suit usage was $ IRRW ¿VKLQJ YHVVHO VLQNV DIWHU UXQQLQJ DJURXQG RQ URFNV ZKLOH WUDQVLWLQJ QHDU WKH QRUWK MHWW\ DW %DUQHJDW /LJKW 1- 7KH VL[ SHRSOH ZKR ZHUH DERDUG DEDQGRQHG WKH ERDW DQG ZDLWHG RQ D OLIH UDIW IRU &RDVW *XDUG 6WDWLRQ %DUQHJDW /LJKW FUHZPHPEHUV WR UHVFXH WKHP 8 6 &RDVW *XDUG SKRWR 68 Proceedings Fall 2012 www.uscg.mil/proceedings

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