Proceedings Of The Marine

SUM 2013

Proceedings magazine is a communication tool for the Coast Guard's Marine Safety & Security Council. Each quarterly magazine focuses on a specific theme of interest to the marine industry.

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About the authors: Dr. John T. Oliver is the senior ocean advisor of the Emerging Policy Staff at U.S. Coast Guard headquarters. He is a graduate of Stanford University and the University of Washington School of Law. He also holds a Master of Law degree and a Doctor of Juridical Science degree from the University of Virginia School of Law. He teaches a seminar, "National Security and the Law of the Sea," as an adjunct professor at the Georgetown Law Center. 3. hailandwasthemostrecentstatetojointheconventiononMay15, T Mr. Steve G. Venckus is the deputy chief of the Coast Guard's Offce of Maritime and International Law. He is a 1974 graduate of the Coast Guard Academy and received his Juris Doctorate from Case Western Reserve University Law School in 1984. Author's note: Theopinionsexpressedinthisarticlearethoseoftheauthors anddonotnecessarilyrepresentoffcialCoastGuardpolicy. Endnotes: 1. United Nations Law of the Sea Convention. Dec.10,1982,1833U.N.T.S.397,as revisedin1994.Availableatwww.un.org/Depts/los/convention_agreements/texts/unclos/unclos_e.pdf. For extensive catalogs of primary authoritiesanddocumentsanalyzingandsupportingtheconvention,see www.oceanlaw.org(RuleofLawCommitteefortheOceans);www.virginia.edu/colp/los(CenterforOceanLawandPolicyattheUniversityof Virginia);andwww.jag.navy.mil/organization/code_10_law_of_the_sea. htm(NavyJudgeAdvocateGeneral,OffceofInternationalandOperationalLaw). 2. enryA.Kissenger,etal.Op-Ed, Time to Join the Law of the Sea Convention, H WallSt.J.,May31,2012.Availableathttp://online.wsj.com/article/SB100 01424052702303674004577434770851478912.html. 2011.Status of the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea. NewYork,NY: UnitedNations.Availableatwww.un.org/Depts/los/reference_fles/ status2010.pdf. 4. heSenateForeignRelationsCommittee(andothercognizantSenate T committees)heldhearingsontheconventionin2004and2007.Oneach occasion,theSFRCvotedoutaresolution,overwhelminglyrecommending(19-0in2004,17-4in2007)thatthefullSenatedebateandthenvote fortheUnitedStatestojointheconvention. 5. orgerson,ScottJ.&ThomasR.Pickering.Climate Right for U.S. JoinB ing Law of the Sea Convention, Dec.23,2009.AvailableattheCouncilon ForeignRelationswebsiteatwww.cfr.org/united-states/climate-rightus-joining-law-sea-convention/p21041?breadcrumb=%2Fpublication%2 Fby_type%2Fregion_issue_brief. 6. To Rule the Arctic's Waves, U.S. Can't Waive the Rules: View. BusinessWeek editorial,Oct.6,2011.Availableatwww.businessweek.com/news/201110-05/to-rule-the-arctic-s-waves-u-s-can-t-waive-the-rules-view.html;see also TestimonyofPaulKelly,SeniorVicePresident,RowanCompanies, Inc.,OversightHearingtoExaminetheUnitedNationsConventiononthe LawoftheSea,BeforetheSenateCommitteeonEnvironmentandPublic Works,Mar.24,2004.Availableathttp://epw.senate.gov/hearing_statements.cfm?id=219592(notingthatthelackoflegalcertaintiesinoffshore developmentcreatemajorrisksthatundermineinvestment). 7. Shipping and World Trade: Key Facts. InternationalChamberofShipping, ShippingandWorldTradewebsite.Availableatwww.marisec.org/shippingfacts/worldtrade/index.php. 8. IMO: Polar Code Guidelines and Standards Under Development. Safety4Sea, Feb.20,2012.Availableatwww.safety4sea.com/page/9691/1/imo:-polarcode-guidelines-and-standards-under-construction. 9. estimony of ADM Robert J. Papp, Commandant, U.S. Coast Guard, T beforetheSenateForeignRelationsCommitteeonAccessiontothe1982 LawoftheSeaConvention,June14,2012.Availableatwww.uscg.mil/ seniorleadership/DOCS/Written%20Testimony%20LOS%20Papp%20 June%2014%202012.pdf. T h e A r c t i c : D i d yo u k n o wÉ Camp Century Little known fact: The U.S. Army built Camp Century early in the Cold War as a year-round snow base, tunneled into the Greenland ice cap about 150 miles west of Thule Air Force Base in Greenland. Its primary purpose was scientifc research, especially deep ice core drilling and analysis. Access to the camp was solely by air; the army built a snow runway on the icecap above the camp. The camp housed 200 people and featured 21 tunnels containing barracks, mess facilities, a small hospital, a theater, a barbershop, recreation facilities, and a chapel. Construction was complete in 1960, at a cost of $7.9 million (equivalent to more than $55 million today). Inhabitants pumped steam into an ice well, producing more than 10,000 gallons of fresh water daily. The world's first portable nuclear generator provided electrical power to the camp. Camp Century also had a base mascot, a Siberian Husky The U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Alder transits past an iceberg feld named Mukluk. located above the Arctic Circle, while steaming along Greenland's In 1964, the Army abandoned Camp Century due to higher-than- coast. U.S. Coast Guard photo by Petty Offcer George Degener. expected ice movement, which started to collapse the tunnels. Source: Science Leads the Way. Camp Century, Greenland. Available at http:// gombessa.tripod.com/scienceleadstheway/id9.html. 56 Proceedings Summer 2013 www.uscg.mil/proceedings

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